Selecting a Cochlear Implant Surgeon

Selecting a Cochlear Implant Surgeon

Hiring a cochlear implant surgeon for yourself or your child is just as important as selecting the right implant manufacturer, as the quality of the outcome is at stake. Unlike fitting hearing aids where the Best Practices are well documented and easily available to the consumer, the same cannot be said for CI surgery, as these practices are mostly scattered throughout hundreds of journal articles behind paywalls.


Video fluoroscopy courtesy of Med-El 10 Click to view full YouTube videoWe at The Hearing Blog are addressing this issue, with our information having been vetted by several industry insiders for accuracy, with this article taking over six months to research, edit, and vet. However, when you cut to the proverbial chase, it comes down to the “touch” in the surgeon’s fingertips as s/he threads the inch-long flexible electrode resembling a wet noodle into the pea-sized hearing organ without making hash of the delicate structures inside, let alone folding over or kinking the electrode array. Almost everything else, such as bedside manner, number of papers published, or standing in the community, is no more than mere window dressing.

Update (6/23/2015): The 9th & 10th paragraphs on operating room electrical testing and radiographic imaging were edited to clarify terminology. Also, please see Brief Addenda to Selecting a Cochlear Implant Surgeon for additional discussion.

With CI’s, there is no 30 Day Return privilege, so choosing wisely at every step of the process is vitally important for the best outcome. Unfortunately, especially here in the United States, there are factors that conspire against making an informed choice, not the least of which is the CI manufacturers quietly keeping reams of information on each of the approximately 700 or so US CI surgeons’ outcomes. The problem is that the manufacturer’s patient reps and support personnel maintain omerta, lest they offend the delicate feelings of the audiologists or bruise the fragile egos of the surgeons, both of whom guide the brand selection.  Unfortunately, the CI manufacturers’ patient reps — as nice as they are to get you to select their brand — will give you zero guidance on selecting a surgeon, let alone a CI program, as you are .NOT. the customer: The CI center is their customer, and the manufacturers will do nothing to offend their customers. This even extends to when there is a problem during MAPping: The patient reps & tech support audiologists are not allowed to touch the MAPping computer, lest s/he offends the audiologist’s delicate ego, instead looking over her shoulder “suggesting” changes.

There is some effort to gather “tribal knowledge” amongst the various facilities by the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) into a sort of “standards” or “best practices” document.1 However, it’s still in draft form, it’s complex; and one of the experts who reviewed this document just made us aware of this as the draft was published only days ago.

Here are pertinent questions for which you need to get answers from the surgeons and audiologists, preferably in writing on the consent forms, and other things to watch out for:

First, just exactly who is threading the electrode into your or your loved ones’ cochleas, anyway? While it’s vitally important to train the next generation of CI surgeons, in fact at many programs in teaching hospitals it’s the resident, not the surgeon you believed you hired performing this delicate task. It’s one thing to have a resident performing the “grunt work” of grinding out the pocket for the implant package and cutting the mastoid opening without nicking any nerves; however drilling the cochleostomy and threading the electrode is what separates the top surgeons from the rest, especially when residual hearing preservation is required for hybrid (EAS) procedures (and more on this later). Our attitude on this is “go train your residents on someone elses’ ears.” Make sure you get this in writing on the consent form, as often in the fine print you really provide consent for the resident to perform the surgery’s actual delicate tasks, with the surgeon you think you hired “supervising;”

A cochlea with a MED-EL electrode array partially inserted. Photo courtesy of Adrien Eshraghi MD, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami FL

A cochlea with a MED-EL electrode array partially inserted with lateral placement in the scala tympani. Note how the outside edge of the laterally placed electrode scrapes the outside surface of the duct, which can cause trauma.
Photo courtesy of Adrien Eshraghi MD, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami FL 10

Second, as we alluded to above, you want to assure your surgeon will be using hearing preservation techniques to get the best performance, even if there is no residual hearing remaining, in order to keep the electrode in the scala tympani (bottom of the three chambers) to get the best outcome 2, 3 and to minimize the chance of triggering or exacerbating tinnitus. 12 [Worth noting is that on May 28th Advanced Bionics received the CE marque by TÜV for their Naída CI Q90 EAS combination hearing aid/CI speech processor, which unlike the Med-El and Cochlear systems uses a full length electrode insertion. We’ll have much more on this in an upcoming article, as we already know one person participating in the FDA clinical trials.]

October 5th 2015 Update: Two new articles on residual hearing preservation have just been published: The Impact of Perioperative Oral Steroid Use on Low-frequency Hearing Preservation After Cochlear Implantation 11 by David Haynes MD & his crew at Vanderbilt; and Effects of CI Electrode Insertion on Tinnitus 12 by Thomas J Balkany MD in The Institute for Cochlear Implant Training blog. Although Balkany talks about how tinnitus can be generated when the basilar membrane is pierced, in fact “when CI electrodes ruptured intrascalar partitions and traversed between the scala, tinnitus had a 16% chance of being generated or becoming worse; while when electrodes did not traverse scala, tinnitus was not made worse. We’re going to have a brief article breaking out these two articles;

Third, how many implant surgeries per year of each brand does this surgeon perform?cochlear_duct_cross-section_thumb You want a surgeon who performs at least 50 implants per year, and at least 25 implants of your particular brand choice in the last year: Experience pays;

Fourth, will the surgeon be advancing the electrode array off the stylet the proper way with the tip just inside the cochleostomy or round window opening, or will he be inserting the stylet down to near the basal bend 5-6mm in? [This paragraph was edited for clarity on June 12th, 2015.] If the stylet is inserted down into the cochlea to near the basal turn to avoid array kinking, it can act like a “spear” piercing the basilar membrane and protrude into the scala tympani (the topmost of the three chambers in the cochlear duct), instantly destroying residual hearing and, more importantly, causing a poorer quality stimulation, with resultant lower word recognition scores.2, 3 Although this is not an issue with AB’s Mid-Scala and Helix arrays as their stylet can be reloaded in the operating room in the event the surgeon accidentally kinks the electrode, this is not the case with the Nucleus Contour array; and what’s more, if the Contour electrode array becomes kinked on insertion because the surgeon does not have adequate “touch” in his fingertips to feel the interference, Cochlear Americas will not honor the warranty. This goes to explaining why, in one informal survey of CI surgeons, 85% use the potentially more traumatic method of inserting the stylet too deep when placing the 22 contact Contour electrode array. [6/12/2015] To clarify, it’s the combination of the inability of the Contour array to be reloaded onto the stylet .AND. Cochlear Americas’ not honoring their warranty if the surgeon kinks the electrode which conspire to cause 85% of surgeons to improperly insert the stylet too deep risking trauma.

Here is an example of an improperly placed Advanced Bionics HiFocus 1j electrode that was folded between the 3rd & 4th electrodes during placement. Because neither the implant was booted up and impedance checked during surgery, nor was there post-surgery radiography performed to detect the problem in a timely fashion, fibrous tissue started to grow by the time this x-ray image was taken a month post-op during switch-on, making revision surgery impossible. This patient was referred to a medical malpractice attorney.

Here is an example of an improperly placed Advanced Bionics HiFocus 1j electrode that was folded between the 3rd & 4th electrodes during placement. Because neither the implant was booted up and impedance checked during surgery, nor was there post-surgery radiography performed to detect the problem in a timely fashion, fibrous tissue started to grow by the time this x-ray image was taken a month post-op during switch-on, making revision surgery impossible. This patient was referred to a medical malpractice attorney.
Click to enlarge in a new window

Fifth, it’s mandatory that the implant be booted up in the OR by the audiologist with a cleaning cycle and an impedance check performed: This takes about 10 minutes but is necessary to detect electrical problems. Also, the inter-electrode impedance test (also known as Electric Field Imaging (EFI)  test; if the audiologist performs it and knows how to interpret the result matrix) will usually detect folded electrodes. For the example in the picture on the right, the impedance between electrodes 1 & 8, and 2 & 7 will be abnormally low, revealing the folded-over electrode. The problem is that OR time is booked in 15 minute increments with anesthesiologist fees the cost driver, with prices ranging as much as $1,000 per 15 minute block: The cost containment pressure is to skip this step; and when skipping boot-up is combined with delayed or even no post-op radiography, disaster can result. [Paragraph edited 6/23/2015.]

Sixth, it’s vitally important for radiologic imaging to be performed preferably in the OR before closing up. The reason for this is two-fold: First, you will not need to go through a needless second “revision” surgery if the surgeon makes an error; and second, that fibrous tissue starts growing around the electrode almost immediately, making revision surgery for a folded or kinked electrode more difficult, if not impossible after a few days — And this applies to a decade or two when the CI needs replacing, as well. At university hospitals there is tremendous pressure from the Ivory Tower to cut costs, and often this step is either postponed until the switch-on, or even skipped altogether, with the surgeon & audiologist crossing their fingers that all will turn out OK. The gold standard is to wheel a small CT scanner for the head into the OR, which is about the size of a breadbox, to verify the precise electrode placement; however an x-ray plate will suffice to spot gross problems such as a folded-over electrode. What’s more, by not using radiographic imaging the patient with the improperly placed electrode would need to be reimplanted, which involves additional trauma to the skin flap, an increased risk of infection, and also needless additional pain and lost time due to the second surgical procedure which could have been avoided. We are aware of a medical malpractice case at a major Michigan program where both the boot-up and imaging steps were skipped and the electrode was folded over between the 3rd & 4th contacts. This was not discovered until switch-on when there were major problems; but because this was four weeks after the surgery, fibrous tissue had already started to grow, making revision surgery impossible. [Paragraph revised 6/30/2015.]

Seventh, and this one should almost go without saying, but given cost-cutting measures you never know, so it’s better to specify that facial nerve monitoring be used. This is just about de rigeur but it’s better to be safe than sorry, so make sure you get this in writing;

Eighth, how will the implant electronics package be fastened down to the skull? It takes the surgeon time to carefully cut the pocket in the skull without going too deep and nicking the dura mater, and to drill the holes for the tie-downs. In the aforementioned Michigan MedMal case the surgeon used a “slip and go” method to reduce the OR time even further, which allows for movement of the implant package, and more harmfully puts unnecessary stress and strain on the delicate electrode array wires where they emerge from the package, which can result in premature device failure. As we understand it, a prominent Atlanta CI surgeon with over 1,000 procedures is also now using “slip and go,” needlessly compromising the device reliability;

Ninth, and often overlooked, is post-surgical infection control. Because of very limited blood circulation in the scalp, it’s easy for a “biofilm” infection to set in, which can spread into the cochlea causing ossification; and if the infection jumps the dura mater barrier, can cause life-threatening bacterial meningitis: Be sure to discuss post-surgical infection control with your surgeon and carefully follow his or her instructions;

Tenth, what is guiding the CI brand recommendation by the audiologist and surgeon? The best ones are comfortable implanting and MAPping all three major brands, so sometimes financial “considerations” are in play, such as exclusivity deals for better device pricing; or outright kickbacks, through Cochlear Americas’ unethical and unlawful Partners’ Program;4 and as we just discovered a few days ago but not publicized in the industry press, just two months ago by Med-El by providing them [the surgeons] free meals, overseas travel opportunities and honoraria requiring little to no actual work by the physicians.5, 6 What’s more, although for an American corporation it is highly illegal under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act7 (FCPA) to pay any kind of bribe or kickback to any party anywhere in the world (under penalty of the CEO going to prison), this is not the case elsewhere, as in both the European Union and Australia these overseas bribes are considered a legitimate business expense that can be deducted from corporate taxes (though it is unlawful for EU corporations to pay bribes to entities inside the EU itself);

Finally, as you look at the list of surgeons we like, you’ll notice that there is only one pediatric program listed: If you have a deaf infant or child, you’ll quickly find out that the audiology & CI programs at many (but not all) “Children’s Hospital of [insert city name]” or “[insert big donor name] Children’s Hospital” are generally rather lousy (especially at diagnosing & managing ANSD), despite the “halo effect” from their name and “standing in the community;” so you’ll do much better by going to a CI center that also implants adults. As best we can tell, based on numerous off-the-record conversations, the problem with pediatric hospital audiology departments centers on very poor Medicaid reimbursement due to the indigent patient load;D and since adult hearing aid sales are a profit center, the audiologists at pediatric hospitals are generally at the bottom of the pay scale… And they get what they pay for.

CI surgeons & programs we like&c.

Just because the CI surgeon is not listed here doesn’t mean he or she is not good: This is merely a brief list of surgeons who have proven track records of good outcomes, in no particular order:

  • Tom RolandB, C at NYU Langone (we like “Roland’s Rules”);
  • Daniel LeeC at Mass Eye & Ear in Boston;
  • Eric WilkinsonB, C & Bill Slattery at House Ear Clinic in LA;
  • Rob Labadie & David Haynes at Vanderbilt’s Bill Wilkerson Center in Nashville (ask for a tour, including their anechoic chamber!);
  • Stanley Baker in Oklahoma City (and if you can convince Jace Wolfe across the street at Hearts for Hearing to MAP your CI, you’ll be in superb shape). Dr Baker also implants at Surgery Center of Oklahoma in OKC for a flat $8,800   plus the cost of the device;
  • Dana Suskind (pediatric only) at Comer Children’s in Chicago (we also really ♥Love♥ her Thirty Million Words project she developed);
  • Rick Chole and Craig BuchmanC at WUSTL in St Louis;
  • Michael Novak at UI-Urbana Carle Foundation in Urbana Illinois;
  • Adrien Eshraghi at Univ. of Miami;
  • Colin Driscoll at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota;
  • Alejandro Rivas at the Rivas Clinic in Columbia;
  • Vittorio CollettiC in Milan;
  • Niparko_head_shot_optPerhaps the best of them all is John Niparko at USC-Keck in LA. UPDATE: Dr Niparko suddenly died on April 26th, 2016. He was our “go-to guy” for many years when he implanted at Johns Hopkins, fixing mistakes other, lesser otologic surgeons caused. Three years ago he decamped for LA to take over the neurotology program at USC-Keck; and although he temporarily stopped implanting, he resumed in June of last year. In addition, he singlehandedly saved many neurotology and audiology research programs when House Research Institute (across the street from House Ear Clinic) imploded a couple years ago. Besides being a tremendously nice guy as well as a talented surgeon, he was also one hell of a manager, starting and managing Hopkins’ then-world-class CI program. [You’ll notice I used the term “”then-world-class,” as since Dr Niparko departed, it has slipped markedly, especially in audiology; and we have stopped referring people to that CI program after several incidents of poor quality services.]

On The Other Hand, certain cities such as Philadelphia, Atlanta, and (especially) Las Vegas have no decent CI programs; and candidates or parents of candidates would be wise to contact one of the facilities above. In fact, in Atlanta the pediatric CI centers and their associated audiology programs are so dodgy (especially with diagnosing and managing ANSD), your humble editor has literally established a “conveyor belt” to Vanderbilt’s world-class program just four hours away.

Choosing a CI brand:

On choosing a CI brand, The Hearing Blog recommends you focus on the implant electronics package itself, as that is what will be wired into your head for the next 20 or so years; and except for the Advanced Bionics HiRes 90k which is software upgradeable, is what you’ll be stuck with. (For more on this, see Prof. Mike Marzalek P.E.‘s tutorial here.) In addition, as we previously documented, Cochlear (and now Nurotron) have too many electrode contacts (for marketing purposes?) forcing them too close together, causing undesired channel crossover and poor performance, especially with music.9 Yes, some manufacturers’ have “sexy” externals; but the processors are replaced every 3-5 years; and also once one manufacturer has an “innovation” in their externals the others soon follow along, as with over 400,000 users worldwide and one million predicted by 2020, it’s a Big, Competitive Market out there.

We also recommend you go on a “CI Shopping Trip” to the Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA) &/or Association of Late-Deafened Adults (ALDA) conventions and hang out in the noisy Expo hall (Expo hall-only passes are free at the HLAA convention). The CI manufacturers will all have their lavish parties and dog-and-pony shows with their “rock star” users flown in from all over; however what you should do is talk to the hundreds of actual CI users there, but when you do, shift to “anthropologist mode” to observe how well they are actually understanding what you are saying, preferably without them speechreading (lipreading). Good speech perception in the quiet of a sound booth is one thing, but you don’t live in a sound booth, either; and since the manufacturers will all fly in their “rock star performers” to man their booths, you’ll need to seek out others to get a better perspective of performance. Yes, they will all lay in front of you their “research studies” they paid good money for, each claiming how well their devices work — But of course, they’ll not show you the ones showing their wares don’t work well. However, most of these “studies” they will show you cannot withstand engineering level scrutiny — Especially for speech-in-noise claims — and they will not release the underlying raw test data;E so at the end of the day you need to trust what you hear and see with actual, random CI recipients in the busy expo halls; and then choose your brand accordingly, as you’ll be “married” to that CI company for the next 20 or so years.


  1. Public review draft of AAMI/CDV-2 CI86, Cochlear implant systems – Safety, performance and reliability: Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation, May 21st, 2015
  2. Cochlear Implant Programming: A Global Survey on the State of the Art (31 authors). The Scientific World Journal Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 501738, 12 pages
  3. Role of electrode placement as a contributor to variability in cochlear implant outcomes (Charles C. Finley and Margaret W. Skinner). Otol Neurotol. 2008 Oct; 29(7): 920–928.
  4. United States Settles False Claims Act Allegations with Cochlear Americas for $880,000: US Department of Justice, June 9th, 2010
  5. Medical Device Maker Agrees to Pay $495,000 to Settle Allegations it Improperly Rewarded Military Physicians for Choosing Company Devices: US Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Western District of Washington, February 13th, 2015
  6. Med-El Pays $495,000 to Settle Allegations it Paid Kickbacks to Military CI Surgeons: The Hearing Blog, April 24th, 2015
  7. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, 15 U.S.C. §§ 78dd-1, et seq: Overview.
  8. Wolfe, Jace, and Schafer, Erin C. 2014. Programming Cochlear Implants 2nd Edition. San Diego: Plural Publishing. ISBN-13: 978-1-59756-552-3 ISBN-10: 1597565520. Our book review is here;
  9. First Person Report: Cochlear Implant Channel Crossover. The Hearing Blog, June 1, 2011;
  10. A Photographic Tour of the Cochlea. By Melissa Waller, The Med-El Blog, October 31, 2013.
  11. Impact of Perioperative Oral Steroid Use on Low-frequency Hearing Preservation After Cochlear Implantation. Sweeney, Alex D.; Carlson, Matthew L.; Zuniga, M. Geraldine; Bennett, Marc L.; Wanna, George B.; Haynes, David S.; Rivas, Alejandro. Otology & Neurotology: October 2015 – Volume 36 – Issue 9 – p 1480–1485
  12. Effects of CI Electrode Insertion on Tinnitus, by Thomas J Balkany MD. Institute for Cochlear Implant Training, October 1, 2015


A. We give props to Envoy Medical, maker of the troubled Esteem implanted hearing aid, for tossing out one surgeon from their program, as this individual, who is also well known in his region as a butcher CI surgeon, was taking as long as nine hours to implant the hearing aid. What’s more, this particular surgeon took almost six hours on a friend’s routine CI surgery (normal time for a good surgeon is 70-90 minutes), yet still bungled it, rendering her ear completely destroyed and unimplantable in the process;

B. These gentlemen are also trained electrical engineers, which gives them a leg up over their peers when working with CI’s, as they have been trained to have an intuitive grasp of the underlying very complex signal processing involved with these magical devices;

C. These gentlemen also implant Auditory Brainstem Implants (ABI), which truly is “brain surgery;”

D. At the March Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder Conference 2012 held at All Children’s in St Pete, the CI program coordinator told the attendees that 100% of their CI patients in the last year were Medicaid;

E. We had this same problem as well with Siemens not releasing the underlying raw data for their dodgy Binax speech-in-noise claims.

F. eBay sniper

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About the author

Dan Schwartz

Electrical Engineer, via Georgia Tech


  1. Mary Pat bibel
    June 11, 2015 at 7:55 pm

    I was implanted three days ago. I wish I had this to guide my questions prior to surgery. Now I just hope for best. Reading this article scared me.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 12, 2015 at 8:55 am

      Mary Pat: Since you are a nurse you should request a copy of your surgery report, as here in the United States it is you who owns your medical records. Also, you can print out this article to discuss the points discussed in this article with your surgeon, specifically on the measured impedance values after cleaning when the implant was booted up, and the post-surgical imaging to verify electrode placement.

      Also, now that your bandages are off, you should request a residual hearing test: You received an AB implant which uses a reloadable stylet, so there is no reason your surgeon should have improperly inserted the stylet down to the basal turn, risking spearing of the basilar membrane.

      • Mary Pat Bibel
        June 15, 2015 at 7:22 pm

        I will be reviewing my records. I do have concerns with what you have shared or how it was shared. Indicating that you have access to access to industry related data/persons who vetted your post without sharing sources is rather disturbing and suggestive of covert conspiracy like arena.

        I don’t know how anyone can have knowledge of an each cochlear implant surgeon’s skill at threading a electrical array into a cochlea. I wish you would share that with us. You indicate that publications, standing in community etc. are not of merit to determine this. Please do share what is?

        Please do share if you evaluated each and every surgeon by this criteria.
        Is it possible that you might have missed one of value? Could that one been mine?

        I am disturbed by lists of “the best” when it comes to health care. There doesn’t have to be any “the best” just a great great number of really competent.

        I would have appreciated an article articulating the value of hearing preservation and in what circumstances it is indicated and how, engineering wise, it is accomplished.

        • Dan Schwartz
          June 16, 2015 at 4:50 am

          Mary Pat: Unlike with hearing aids, CI manufacturers pay very close attention to outcomes, including residual hearing preservation, which is directly tied to how the skilled the surgeon is, and the “touch” in his or her fingertips, feeling for obstructions. Now, how does publishing an academic paper relate to the physical skills and judgment in the OR?

          As for our list of CI surgeons & programs we like&c., it involves more than just skills: It also involves their programs following Best Practices. Just like there are Best Practices for hearing aid dispensing including using Real Ear Measurement (REM), there are Best Practices for CI surgery, including imaging in the OR to verify electrode placement. These cost time — and hence money — and in today’s ruthless ObamaCare-driven cost-cutting environment, these Best Practices are often skipped, especially imaging to verify electrode placement in the OR

          What’s more, on occasion their scientists & engineers as well as tech reps scrub in and watch surgery, especially during FDA clinical trials, as knowledge exchange is a two-way street. Also, a manufacturer rep is present in the OR when there is an explant due to device failure to witness the procedure, due to chain-of-custody verification.

          In any case, we cannot reveal who our sources are.

          • A Not-Evil Reader
            June 28, 2015 at 8:20 am

            Geez, Dan it’s not like he’s Deep Throat or something. I’ll bet he wouldn’t really mind if you told Mary Pat his name.

    • Courtney
      June 13, 2015 at 8:40 pm

      Please don’t be scared. My daughter was implanted 12 years ago and has had no issues. It’s been a tremendous miracle 🙂 I wouldn’t have changed a thing!!!

    • Glenn Dusky
      December 17, 2016 at 7:19 pm

      In October I underwent evaluation at Oregon Health Science University (OHSU) for an implant and was determined to be a candidate. Still waiting for approval from Medicare and insurance.
      In doing further research I came across your blog.
      OHSU was not mentioned in your article either pro or con. So my obvious question is; what is your evaluation of their implant team based on reports you may have reviewed?

      • Dan Schwartz
        January 9, 2017 at 11:30 am

        @Glenn: OSHU has a pretty good CI program.

    • melanie adams
      January 4, 2018 at 10:44 am

      Hey Dan – do you have an updated article about “How to Choose a Cochlear Implant Doctor?” This one is excellent but a few years old. Thanks!

      • Dan Schwartz
        January 6, 2018 at 3:49 pm

        Melanie, we’ve had three follow-up articles to this, but yes, it needs a refresh. To that end, we’re putting a caution flag on the otherwise-outstanding Carle Center in Urbana, IL, only because I’ve had reports from patients he is cutting back and training two replacements. We’ll also be adding Daniel Coelho at Virginia Commonwealth in Richmond to the list.

        Here are the three follow-up articles:

        Brief Addenda to Selecting a Cochlear Implant Surgeon

        Two New Articles On Atraumatic CI Electrode Insertion And Residual Hearing Preservation

        Necessity of Residual Hearing Preservation After CI Surgery: The Evidence Mounts

        • john foy
          February 1, 2018 at 8:49 am

          Dan, In 2 hours I am seeing the audiologist at NYU to select the CI for my upcoming operation. After reading the material from all three manufactures, I am leaning towards Advanced Bionics and Med-El. But, I lack critical feedback on both. Can you give me any direction on their current performance, weakness & strengths?
          And tomorrow I meet with Dr. Roland, what would you ask if it was your left ear that was going to be operated on?
          John Foy

          • Dan Schwartz
            February 4, 2018 at 12:27 pm

            John, I just saw this. The externals mean little; but AB’s internals are far and away the best. What’s more, Phonak is the largest hearing aid manufacturer in the world, with R&D facilities in Switzerland, Chicagoland, Minneapolis (Unitron label), as well as at AB’s HQ near LA.

  2. Pamela Tonello
    June 12, 2015 at 11:34 am

    I find your opinion, which is what it is, on pediatric hospital implant centers as totally off base. My son was implanted at 4 and we had the best surgeon (who isn’t even on your list – Thomas Balkany) and received beyond excellent mapping services at UM Children’s, all Children’s St. Pete and Nemours before moving to New England. The audiologists at the Children’s hospitals were well trained and versed in working with children and their language levels and working very closely with the parents/care givers.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 12, 2015 at 2:27 pm

      @Pamela: Dr Thomas Balkany would probably have made our list, except for one minor detail you overlooked:

      He’s Retired!

      • Anita Michaels
        June 12, 2015 at 6:32 pm

        How unprofessional!(Actually are you a professional? Or just one of those Internet trolls that lives to create trouble?) I was not aware that Dr. Balkany had retired,either. So does that get me a laughing kitten response too? Clearly I am shocked that I was not personally informed of his retirement. He implanted my daughter over 19 years ago. I should have been the first on the list for his retirement party.
        Sarcasm aside, my daughter was a Medicaid patient. What did she miss out on? The fancy hospital room and the better dinner were all that were missed. She had her surgery at a world renowned hospital and was cared for by a team of professionals who were second to none. Audiologists,doctors,nurses, and support staff who all treated her as though she was their own. People who still love her and support her to this day. (Ok, Dr. Balkany does not call but her entire crew of audiologists share her with me and are considered family.)
        Not once has any of them ever mentioned Medicaid. In fact, we have been privately insured by an excellent company for more than 10 years now and I have never noticed any difference in care. True medical PROFESSIONALS care about people, not wallets. Yes, they have bills to pay and draw a salary, but you cannot compensate someone for their devotion to their patients.
        Children’s Hospitals in particular draw a special type of caregiver. Pediatric patients are the most vulnerable and are completely unable to make decisions for themselves. Their parents are frightened and lost. Staff at Children’s Hospitals embrace the entire family. They find ways to get things done. They offer solutions, compassion, and even love.
        Facilities that serve adults and children tend to be colder and less personal. ( Please note, I am not impugning their skills, just am painting a portrait of a much different dynamic). I dearly miss having my daughter cared for by pediatric specialists.
        Do not scare prospective patients away from Children’s Hospitals.You are creating additional stress and are obviously ignorant to the many additional perks to being surrounded by professionals dedicated to the care and nurturing of children AND their families. The quality of care received by these practioners is priceless; unable to be compensated by ANY means of Healthcare insurance or private pay.

  3. Genny A
    June 12, 2015 at 11:53 am

    As a CI recipient at a children’s hospital, I’m curious to understand how does Medicaid = substandard service as you had implied in your reference to a statement collected in your boot notes. On the contrary, the only two other adults I know that are CI recipients at my job have gotten the procedure done at adult hospitals, and both have had issues. One actually had it done from a doctor at the University of Miami (you recommended that hospital) who completely botched the operation and intensified her dizzy spells to the point where she couldn’t do her job, and the CI never functioned correctly altogether. Prior to that, my family at the time had actually considered going there, but opted to go with a children’s hospital instead since they felt it was the best decision for us. Since I was in my older teens when I got the CI, I’m confident in saying that the service I received from the entire CI staff was beyond exceptional and has propelled me in my career further than I’d ever imagined. My parents agree as well.

    I took a look at your background, and as someone that is an audiologist and not a CI expert, I think you’d do better to refrain from equating facts such as insurance used to service. You are potentially hindering families with children from going the CI route when they see you stating that children’s hospitals are a bad option and cannot afford to go to a profit center.

    While I feel that this article was intended to help deaf and hard-of-hearing folks in making a decision about cochlear implants, I am a bit disappointed when I saw that you made worldly assumptions about children’s hospitals from “numerous off-the-record conversations” with only a single statement regarding Medicaid as a reference to back up your opinion that you state as fact. Really? Is this middle school? Please, add more sources, with contact information so your readers can be well-informed and not mislead.

    For readers. How does:

    Dan: “As best we can tell, based on numerous off-the-record conversations, the problem with pediatric hospital audiology departments centers on very poor Medicaid reimbursement due to the indigent patient load”


    Bootnote: “At the March Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder Conference 2012 held at All Children’s in St Pete, the CI program coordinator told the attendees that 100% of their CI patients in the last year were Medicaid”

    Give me a break! I highly recommend looking at other places for better information on CI.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 12, 2015 at 12:53 pm

      It’s ironic how University of Miami figures prominently in the anecdotal reports of Genevieve’s friend’s bad experience and Pamela’s son’s good experience. However, if you actually read the article, you will clearly see two salient points:

      1) We didn’t pull the surgeon list out of thin air: This list of top surgeons was compiled with the significant help of experts inside the CI manufacturers who quietly keep tabs on each surgeons’ results. If your favorite surgeon was not on the list, there may be a very good reason why his or her name is missing;

      2) The subhead reads CI surgeons & programs we like&c. Just because you went to a given program doesn’t mean you used a surgeon on the list… Or even that the surgeon & not a resident drilled the cochleostomy and placed the electrode.

      @Genevieve: Your friend who had problems — most likely related to electrode insertion trauma — should request a copy of the surgery report to find out exactly who did what during the procedure. Here in the United States, by Federal law, the patient owns their medical records.

      Also, you are conflating full-service hospitals with for-profit facilities when you write

      children’s hospitals are a bad option and cannot afford to go to a profit center.

      What you don’t know is that I also created and moderate the largest Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD) group in the world with almost 1000 members, including CI and ABI surgeons, audiologists, and (mostly) parents of ANSD kiddies, along with a sprinkling of adult-onset ANSD patients; and not only do I get to see the complaints from parents, I also get to read the 20+ page audiologic workup reports people send to me for evaluation; and quite frankly, many of the ones from “Children’s Hospitals” stink, with improper test protocols used, missed diagnoses bordering on medical malpractice; and also poor management once the ANSD diagnosis is made. What’s more, it’s almost always the same “Children’s Hospitals” that are repeatedly appearing in the group. Fortunately for parents in Atlanta and here in Philadelphia, world class surgeons and programs are just four and two hours’ drive away.

      Finally, it’s rather obvious you are not familiar with abysmal Medicaid reimbursements, which are just pennies on the dollar of Medicare and insurance company reimbursements: This is why many doctors in general do not accept money-losing Medicaid patients to begin with; and the problem was exacerbated by ObamaCare’s perverse incentives for small employers to simply discontinue employee insurance & push employees onto the exchanges & into Medicaid, and on the push to get States to expand Medicaid rolls.

      The upshot of all this is that many audiologists at the various “Children’s Hospitals” are at the bottom of the audiologist pay scale, with higher salaries to be had by just hanging hearing aids at Costco.

      • Jeffrey Simmons
        June 12, 2015 at 6:17 pm

        I’m sure it took a lot of expertise to create a group on Facebook and then send out lots of invitations to people to join it, but I can’t for the life of me see how that possibly makes you an authority on anything. Where are your peer-reviewed publications? Where are your presentations at professional conferences? Where are your professional medical or audiological credentials?

        • Dan Schwartz
          June 13, 2015 at 12:28 pm

          Actually, the now-950+ member Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder group was created by your humble Editor on Friday, March 16th, 2012 at the big ANSD 2012 Conference, moderated by Chuck Berlin & Linda Hood. In fact, Dr Berlin suggested I create the group; and when he announced it at the Conference to the 100+ professionals in attendance, about half signed up right there. Although it was created for professional discussions, in fact all are welcome.

          What’s more, my interest in ANSD was an outgrowth of the older Reverse Slope Hearing Loss group, where after learning about ANSD for the first time in a Chuck Berlin workshop in March 2010, I went back over the many audiograms posted and uncovered a veritable rats’ nest of undiagnosed congenital and adult-onset ANSD, with the upshot that a number of members went back, received a proper diagnosis, and about 15 adults (so far) having received their CI’s.

  4. Kashmir Roy
    June 12, 2015 at 12:27 pm

    When it comes to make a informed decisions regarding choosing cochlear implants and surgeons. I cannot ask for a better staff and teams at all children’s! Dr. Peter Orebello is the best surgeon, whom you didnt list, I have ever known. I felt very informed about the complete process. I never felt I was cheated out of recieving the best care I can get. I as a patient felt confident and had complete trust in my team of specialists. If the patient is not feeling comfortable,they should consider other options or seek different specialist.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 12, 2015 at 2:38 pm

      Top surgeons don’t make bone-headed mistakes:
      ‘Wrong-site’ surgical mistakes are rare, preventable
      By: Letitia Stein, Times Staff Writer, June 20, 2010:

      A surgical procedure to relieve pressure was performed on the wrong ear of a 10-year-old boy at All Children’s Hospital in St. Petersburg in 2007…
      …These medical mistakes belong to a rare and completely preventable category of errors known as wrong-site surgeries. Experts and doctors agree they should never happen, but struggle with the realities of human error.

      Timeouts before the first cut, body parts marked with permanent ink, surgical checklists — step after step has been put in place in recent years to better safeguard patients. And yet, wrong-site errors still happen.

      In the 10-month period ending in April, the Florida Board of Medicine disciplined 34 doctors for wrong-site surgeries, roughly on par with the 41 actions taken in the previous year. Just this month [June 2010 Ed.], it fined the physician who made the wrong ear incision at All Children’s…

      Further down in the June 2010 article Stein lays out the details:

      Before the first incision, surgeons in Florida are required to take a timeout. They must confirm they have the right patient, the right procedure, the right surgical site. The pause rule, as it’s known, was adopted by the Board of Medicine in 2004 and reflects nationally followed safety standards.

      But it wasn’t enough to prevent the error involving the 10-year-old boy at All Children’s Hospital.

      The boy’s right ear was correctly marked for a procedure to relieve fluid buildup, state records indicate. However, Dr. Peter Orobello, a pediatric ear, nose and throat specialist, cut the left ear, inserting a small tube before realizing his mistake.

      Orobello corrected his error immediately, records show, and informed the patient’s family.

      “In the 22 years of the otolaryngology program at All Children’s Hospital we have had one case in 2007,” Orobello said in an e-mail sent through his lawyer. “With the excellent systems in place, this was identified in surgery, corrected, no harm came to the patient and no claim was filed.”

      He did not say how the error happened. As discipline, he agreed to pay a $7,500 fine.

      All Children’s Hospital officials say they have for many years followed national patient safety standards, including a timeout established by the Joint Commission, the hospital accrediting group. They use a safety checklist tied to the electronic medical record in the operating room.

  5. Mindi Thibodeau
    June 12, 2015 at 1:07 pm

    My son is a patient at All Children’s in St. Pete also he is a Medicaid recipient. He was implanted at 15 months of age. He receives the best care we could have ever imagined. Our audiologist and our surgeon are amazing!!!! The fact that their pay my not be that of other facilities just means they are that much more dedicated to helping our children from the goodness of their hearts. I believe it takes a very special person to sacrifice what they deserve, to work in a field that they truly believe in. Never for a moment did we feel pressured. They gave us every bit of information before we decided. Our sons surgery went flawless and his aftercare had been the same. Our audiologist takes time to understand and get to know our children. They take the time to console us and care about us! They are extremely experienced and knowledgable. You can not group them all together that is wrong!! Until you have spoke to all of the parents and the recipients at these facilities ( the opinions that really matter) you don’t have a right to scare future CI recipients away from a life changing opportunity. I would not bring my son anywhere else other then All Children’s. That is where he receives the very best care!!!!

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 12, 2015 at 1:49 pm

      Actually, All Kids in St. Pete was an unexpected beneficiary of Hurricane Katrina: When the Kresge Hearing Research Center in New Orleans blew apart in 2005, the team that discovered Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder scattered to the four winds, with Linda Hood landing at Vanderbilt, Thierry Morlet landing at Nemours in Wilmington Delaware, and Ben Russell & team leader Chuck Berlin landing at USF… And one of the achievements of (the now semi-retired) Prof. Berlin was to whip the ANSD portion of All Kids’ audiology program into shape.

      That Being Said, Dr Loren Bartels‘ CI program across the bay at Tampa General is better; and in fact he just about made our cut for surgeons we like.

  6. Kris Robinson
    June 12, 2015 at 1:27 pm


    I absolutely do not agree with you regarding the audiology team at our local Chidren’s hospital in St Petersburg, we have an amazing group of audiologist. I have two daughters that receive their mapping their, and I chose to do that. I am privately insured, so I am pretty sure the comment you made regarding 100% Medicaid was incorrect. That being said I adore Shelly and Sybil and the rest of the audiology team and I chose them because they can spend the time and they do to ensure the mapping is just where it needs to be. My surgeon Dr Bartels did not seem to make your list either and he was exceptional.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 12, 2015 at 2:15 pm

      @Kris: In fact, our comments crossed, as I discussed All Kids’ ANSD program and also Dr Bartels. In fact, several years ago I referred our mutual friend Regina from Sarasota to him for Gianna’s implants.

      I’ll also reply to you privately on Facebook messenger.

  7. Jeffrey Simmons
    June 12, 2015 at 1:34 pm

    I have only a short time to write, so I am limited to touching on just a couple of points rather than all the ones I feel warrant comment or correction. I was barely into the first couple of paragraphs before running into an example of what I’ve come to expect as a tendency toward overgeneralization and unsupported opinion on the site. That certainly is to be anticipated and perhaps excused from a blog, I suppose, but given that you tout yourself as an authority and that some of the not-yet-informed might take you as such, I felt prompted to point out a few things.
    Let’s take the first thing that struck me as inaccurate…I wonder if it ever occurred to you that in many instances the audiology clinical support folks from the implant manufacturers are not allowed to touch the programming computer during an implant recipient’s clinic appointment due to regulatory, licensure, or legal reasons? I would imagine that most audiologists working for the implant manufacturers have a territory that probably covers multiple states. One can only practice audiology in a state where one has licensure. But let’s just suppose, for the sake of argument, that an audiologist from a manufacturer is licensed in every state to which he or she travels. If that individual came into my clinic and is not an employee of this hospital, he or she could be considered way out of bounds if providing direct treatment or service to a patient. It would arguably be akin to a physician practicing in a hospital where he or she has not formally been given privileges to do so. I’m sure that my hospital administrator and the risk management director would think so. I would imagine that there would be all sorts of legal ramifications—for the manufacturer’s audiologist and for me and my hospital—if some sort of problem were to occur. So although I appreciate the manufacturers’ audiologists not injuring my delicate ego, maybe, just maybe, there’s really a bit more to it.
    In the time I have to spare, I also want to remark on your “fifth” and “sixth” steps and the photo of the implant with the folded over tip and its accompanying caption. I am going to start by saying that I do have a little experience in intraoperative assessment of CI function. That might afford me a little credibility when I say I would argue that it is not possible to identify a tip foldover from electrode impedance testing. A folded over electrode is still going to be in contact with cochlear tissue, and there is a wide range of “within normal limits” when it comes to impedance values, so please tell me how one could use this measure to alert to a possible folded array tip. No one would be more surprised than I if you could show a reliable, evidence-based method of doing so. There are some intraoperative tests that can tell one of the possibility that the electrode array is folded back on itself, but I believe you are in error with your assertion that measuring electrode impedances is one of them.
    I am acquainted with a surgeon who has done literally hundreds of successful implant surgeries and has had instances of a tip foldover. The audiologists doing the intraoperative testing were not alerted to the foldover by impedance measures or general evoked compound action potential measures. I wonder if they’d be accused of malpractice in your model? The foldovers did show up in x-rays that occurred at various time spans post-operatively (none of them sooner than a few days post-op), and in each case the device was successfully reimplanted. You suggest that someone referred this implant recipient to an attorney, insinuating that there was a case of malpractice (which is a pretty strong word). I’d be interested to learn if there was ever a determination of malpractice. It’s not that I don’t strongly support intraoperative testing of the implant and post-operative imaging. I absolutely do think that they are important parts of cochlear implant surgery. However, the way you play fast and loose with the concepts with an air of “I know best” is a classic example of “a little knowledge is a dangerous thing”. If you’re going to present a “listen to my expert opinion or you’re headed for disaster” assertion, you really should be dead-on accurate and avoid making sweeping generalizations. Wouldn’t you agree? Or, am I just feeling rubbed the wrong way because of my fragile ego?
    I’d love to write more, but I’m afraid I don’t have the time, so I’ll close by asking just one more question. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, has anyone ever pointed out that some of your terminology and writing style is identical in some ways to that of the Evil Audiologist (see for a good example) whose opinions and writings I believe you have, interestingly, pointed out?. Coincidence, plagiarism, or dissociative identity disorder? I’m curious. Maybe it’s a case of “the dog that didn’t bark”? Although, in this instance, if I’m the dog, I guess I am barking.

  8. Constance L.
    June 12, 2015 at 6:46 pm

    My daughter had her right side cochlear implant at 26 months of age, her left side done when she was 7 years old. She is now 16 years old. Thus, we have been around cochlear implants for many years. We have lived in 4 different states since she was diagnosed. The first thing I would recommend to a family with a child that is HI is to join the cicircle group on Yahoo. There is also a group for parents that have children with Auditory Dysnchrony. Parents have always been my best resource. Talking to families that live and breathe this 24/7 is priceless. If there are any local groups, go and talk to recipients and parents of recipients in person. AG Bell, Minutman Implant, Hands and Voices, etc. etc.

    Second, I would definitely talk to the different cochlear companies (about anything and everything). I had a very lengthy discussion with Jim Patrick, one of the first engineers at Cochlear regarding various current surgical procedures. It was very enlightening and furthered my research for what was best for kid for her second implant.
    When our daughter was first implanted, AB had a serious issue with cases of meningitis. I believe all of the implants slightly increase the risk of meningitis. Therefore, it is important for parents to make sure their pediatricians are familiar with what the CDC (Center for Disease Control) is recommending for these kiddos vaccinations. I know there were some scared families when AB went through its buyout. I also considered financial history of the company. Having the best equipment at the time of implant, but the company goes under, is not a situation I would want my child to be in as an adult. Also look at the history of updating older devices.

    When a child is deaf there can be other issues to consider (things that caused the deafness, etc). This is why we felt so much more comfortable going with a Children’s Hospital. Once the child is implanted, the hard work starts. I believe it is crucial to the success of the child and their implant to have the best pediatric audiologist possible. The speech and listening therapy is also crucial and parents must do their part in carrying over the therapy.

    Children are not little adults and should not be treated as such. Our family has always been fortunate to have an excellent job with really good insurance and yet, we have chosen Children’s Hospitals.

    One last word about doctors, if you don’t feel comfortable with the surgeon, you do not owe them anything, CHANGE doctors. This is your child and you want what’s best for him/her. For us personally, it’s a Children’s Hospital.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 13, 2015 at 1:04 pm

      @Constance: I notice you didn’t name the “Children’s Hospital” which serviced your daughter: If it was so praiseworthy and her outcome so fantastic, you should have identified both the facility and the team.

      Auditory dys-synchrony (AD) was folded together with auditory neuropathy (AN) and then rolled into auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) at the 2008 Lake Como Conference, moderated by Prof. Charles Berlin. For more, please see the proceedings: Management of Individuals with Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder, by Charles Berlin PhD (2008; Lake Como Conference proceedings).

      [Separately we at The Hearing Blog argue that AN and AD should be separated again as diagnosis, management, and prognosis varies greatly between the underlying pathologies (the “bottom-up” view); while others, including Prof. Nina Krause argue that central auditory processing disorder should also be included into an even-bigger spectrum. You can follow the discussion here.]

      The issue with the connection between CI’s and higher incidence of meningitis is somewhat tenuous, as in fact the incidence of it occurring in deaf people is higher than normal, with one possible vector being enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome (EVAS). That being said, AB’s use of the “positioner” in 1999-2000 appears to also be a culprit, somewhat depending on the method the surgeon used to seal the cochleostomy.

      All that being said, the issue of maintaining meningitis vaccinations for CI recipients was settled over a decade ago. [Latest CDC recommendations are here] and in fact Advanced Bionics has a vaccination reimbursement program for their recipients who do not have insurance coverage.

      As for the CI manufacturers’ financial stability, in fact this is a big factor for FDA approval of any implanted device manufacturer — And has been for decades, such as back in 1985 when 3M exited the CI business, the FDA brokered an agreement still in effect today in which Cochlear took over all support for the many hundreds of 3M/House single-channel devices, a few of which are still in operation.

    • Constance L.
      June 13, 2015 at 8:53 pm

      Boston Children’s Hospital. The surgeon was Dr. Margaret Kenna and the audiologist was Dr. Mariylyn Neault. These two women and the hospital were not only amazing in their skills and knowledge, but also emphatic and caring. The fact that they taught/teach at Harvard, I believe, is a blessing for all the parents that will need their students services for their children. Our daughter being born at 26 weeks and suffering from necrotizing entercolitis in Cincinnati, was transferred to the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center when the level III NICU couldn’t help her. The surgeon who worked on her as a 1 lb 6 oz baby was Dr. Frederick Ryckman.

      We will forever be grateful for all of the Children Hospitals that we have used and continue to use across the U.S. The Doctors, Audiologists, Nurses, Surgical staff, administrative staff are amazing people following their passions to save the lives of children and/or enhance to the children’s lives to the fullest extent humanly possible.

      It was Dr. Neault who first told us that our daughter had ANSD. Dr. Neault also told me about Dr. Berlin, whom I contacted. I actually sent him all of our daughters paperwork tests, etc. as I am quite fond of second opinions. It was Dr. Berlin who told me that Auditory Dy-synchrony was a better word than Auditory Neuropathy since it wasn’t the nerve that was the problem. I was also fortunate enough to hear him speak and to meet him at a conference in Rhode Island. That was about 12 or so years ago.

      Since things change, AN to ANSD, one small example, I truly believe that parents should continue to educate themselves regarding issues of meningitis. What is tenuous to you might not be tenuous to the families that have been affected. Parents of children that are deaf soon learn that “rarely happens” actually can happen.

      There have been companies approved by the FDA that have gone under. Just because a company has been approved doesn’t ensure they will be financially viable for the life of your child. It certainly doesn’t hurt to look at a companies financial history. Know what you are buying into.

      All that being said, I still believe one of the most important factors for parents to consider is to connect with other families. Internet groups, local groups, etc. I would strongly urge families not to rely on one source for all of their information and education.

      • Dan Schwartz
        June 13, 2015 at 9:44 pm

        Brian Fligor PhD actually did a nice job running the audiology program at Boston Children’s, as we had few issues with them in the ANSD group. However, he departed about a year & a half ago to become Chief Audiology Officer at Lantos Technology.

        On The Other Hand, Daniel Lee at Mass Eye & Ear made our list as he is a truly outstanding CI and ABI surgeon who trained under Dr John Niparko at Johns Hopkins.

        Cincinnati Children’s is, overall, a very good hospital; and Lisa Hunter PhD does a decent job running their audiology department.

      • Dan Schwartz
        June 15, 2015 at 11:42 am

        Just to clarify, the FDA is extremely strict with the implanted medical device industry; and when one is sold it typically takes at least six months for the FDA to perform it’s own due diligence: It took that long for Boston Scientific to buy Advanced Bionics in 2006; and more recently, it took an unusually short 3 months for FDA to investigate when Sonova (Phonak) purchased AB in late 2009 for $480 million, probably because they were established in 1966 & their market capitalization (VTX: SOON) at the time was over $6 billion (and today is over $9 billion), traded on the Zurich stock exchange.

        Cochlear Pty. is also a publicly traded company on the Sydney Exchange (ASX: COH) with a market cap of US$3.6 billion; plus since it’s a “star” in the Aussie tech sector it gets extensive support from the NSW government.

        Oticon has been around since 1904, and is owned by William Demant Holdings (CPH: WDH), and has a market cap of US$4.5 billion. They purchased French CI manufacturer Neurelec two years ago; and they will have a Major Product Announcement in Toulouse this week — Stay tuned!

        Med-El is privately held by the Hochmaier family; and they have repeatedly turned down offers to be acquired by almost every one of the Big Six hearing aid manufacturers.

  9. Going Deaf Girl
    June 14, 2015 at 2:40 pm

    Thank you for the article. Any insight on a surgeon in Texas? Been referred to Brian Peters, James Kemper, or Joe Kutz.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 15, 2015 at 11:18 am

      Although there are some decent CI surgeons in Texas, none are outstanding; and none are any good in Austin. My suggestion is to drive or fly to Dr Stanley Baker in OKC: Although we didn’t rank the surgeons in our list, if we did, he’d be about 2nd or 3rd.

      • Anji Greene
        September 20, 2018 at 9:39 am

        Dan, you mentioned in 2015 that “none of the doctors in Austin are any good”. I would like to understand what is your experience with the doctors that are practicing there now and why you have/had that opinion? Do they not follow the standards in your list?

        I don’t think the list of doctors in Austin has changed much since 2015. Dr. Williamson I think is relatively new to Austin and comes highly recommended to me. I am weighing my options right now for CI SSD. Maybe I should just hop on a plane 🙁

        • Dan Schwartz
          September 27, 2018 at 4:42 am

          This was from a long-time Austin audiologist whom I shall not name.
          Hop a plane to one of the facilities on the list, preferably to Nashville — Vanderbilt does a number of CI’s for SSD.

    • Melissa Benton
      June 15, 2015 at 12:03 pm

      Going Deaf Girl: Dr. Brian Peters at Dallas Ear Institute is EXCELLENT! He did my CI surgery in 1998 and I had AMAZING results! He has being doing CI’s since 1992, he’s a very skilled surgeon and he sincerely cares about his patients as much as any physician can possibly care. He has an excellent team of audiologists and auditory-verbal therapists. I HIGHLY recommend him! I would suggest that you research reviews by actual patients of Dr. Peters. You will find that his pristine reputation precedes him! This person who writes these blogs has his own opinion, and as you can see from reading the comments, a lot of people who have experienced cochlear implants themselves do NOT agree with him. Please let me know if I can answer any questions for you!

      • Dan Schwartz
        June 15, 2015 at 12:20 pm

        Melissa, unfortunately neither of us are qualified to rate CI surgeons, which is why we received inside information from the CI manufacturers who are qualified to rate them. Let me remind you, from the second paragraph of the article:

        With CI’s, there is no 30 Day Return privilege, so choosing wisely at every step of the process is vitally important for the best outcome. Unfortunately, especially here in the United States, there are factors that conspire against making an informed choice, not the least of which is the CI manufacturers quietly keeping reams of information on each of the approximately 700 or so US CI surgeons’ outcomes. The problem is that the manufacturer’s patient reps and support personnel maintain omerta, lest they offend the delicate feelings of the audiologists or bruise the fragile egos of the surgeons, both of whom guide the brand selection. Unfortunately, the CI manufacturers’ patient reps — as nice as they are to get you to select their brand — will give you zero guidance on selecting a surgeon, let alone a CI program, as you are .NOT. the customer: The CI center is their customer, and the manufacturers will do nothing to offend their customers.

        That Being Said, UT-D’s Callier Center is a very good, but very busy audiology clinic. Also, the UNT clinic in Denton is quite good; and is on the rise with new Program Director Erin Schafer PhD.

        Separately, a prominent member of the Dallas CI community had all sorts of problems with her two CI’s; and she had to go to the above-mentioned Dr Baker in OKC to get reimplanted to get good results.

        • Melissa Benton
          June 15, 2015 at 1:00 pm

          Yes, I am very familiar with the Dallas CI Community. My cochlear implant was so successful that it transformed my life. My experience was 12% with a hearing aid to 92% with the CI. Prior to my CI, I could count on one hand the number of people I could understand on the phone. Within a month, I was hearing well enough on the phone to become a volunteer and eventually the Administrator for the Dallas Hearing Foundation, which Dr Peters founded to help people who cannot afford hearing aids and cochlear implants. I worked with Dr Peters and his CI team for many years prior to relocating to my hometown in Indiana. I was the organizer and leader of the CI support group meetings in Dallas and I literally met hundreds of Dr Peters’ CI patients. They are extremely happy with their results and with him personally. It is rare for a CI surgeon to never have a patient who ends up having a problem. Dr Peters is a very prominent neuro-otologist who has done extensive published research on bilateral cochlear implantation. He is an excellent, very experienced surgeon. And he has a heart of gold. I would trust him with my life and I know his patients feel the same way.

          • Dan Schwartz
            June 15, 2015 at 1:11 pm

            Melissa, let me be blunt: Although you did a good job with the Dallas Hearing Foundation, you are Not Qualified to rate CI surgeons, which is why we relied on inside information from the CI manufacturers who do keep the records and who are qualified to rate them.

            • Melissa Benton
              June 15, 2015 at 1:25 pm

              I didn’t claim to be qualified to rate CI surgeons… It is ridiculous to tell a candidate to travel to another state when she could receive excellent care locally.

      • Mom of HOH child
        June 17, 2015 at 7:11 pm

        Going Deaf Girl: I can’t speak much on the side of CI but I can give you some input on Dr. Brian Peters (just my experience). Dr. Peters in Dallas was just one of the doctors that I took my child to. After a lengthy but wonderful day at UNT it seemed like we were on the right track for a diagnosis of Meniere’s. UNT was wonderful but we still needed the doctors “stamp of approval” for the next steps in our journey. So, we ended up seeing Dr. Peters in Dallas. I had heard great things about him. What we encountered with him was very disappointing as parents trying to do anything and everything for our child. He was nice but really didn’t answer any of our questions. He gave vague answers that really just seemed like a response to try to please me. He took a tuning fork and touched the side of my child’s head with it and came up with some answer from that. He nixed the test from UNT with a response of “kids don’t have Meniere’s Disease, they just don’t get it.” After that he signed a form for a hearing aid and sent us out the door. Needless to say it was all I could do to fight back the tears of disappointment and of feeling lost on what to do to help my child. I was not impressed at all. We are still looking into other options as where we need to go next.

        I hope you find the answers that you are looking for. Just a little input from a mother who wouldn’t take my child back to Dr. Peters.

  10. Mike Levad
    June 15, 2015 at 9:08 pm

    I have been scheduled with Sam Levine at the University of MN in Minneapolis. Sam has been doing implants since they were invented. Should I be excited or nervous to have him as my surgeon?

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 16, 2015 at 5:38 am

      Congratulations Mike on taking the step to hear well again — We wish you well in your journey!

      Our suggestion is to print out this article outlining Best Practices and discuss this with Dr Levine.

  11. Miss Kat's Mom
    June 16, 2015 at 12:16 pm

    Interesting article. We had the opportunity to have our daughter implanted by Dr. Clough Shelton in Utah. He is an excellent surgeon and does all the things mentioned in this article.

    While the surgeon is a critical piece to the puzzle, I believe that the audiologist is FAR more important and unfortunately, there are a HUGE number of pathetic doctors masquerading as pediatric audiologists today.

  12. Shannon Davis
    June 17, 2015 at 6:18 pm

    Just saw your info on Dr. Niparko who just performed bilateral implants on my son. We could not be more thrilled. I called his office and learned that he has been elected President of USC Care, but has kept his surgical practice going full speed. You are correct about one thing, however, he is probably the best of all of them. Given his schedule, he must be the busiest surgeons in Los Angeles!”

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 17, 2015 at 8:13 pm

      Dr Niparko is implanting again?! That’s the best news we’ve heard all week! He implanted my former girlfriend in 2003, as well as implanting a number of friends here in the Delaware Valley who drove the 90 miles down to Baltimore. In addition, he saved a dear friend from facial paralysis after another surgeon badly bungled a procedure.

  13. C, J.
    June 24, 2015 at 9:35 pm

    I know for a fact that at least one of the surgeons on your list allow residents (not fellows but residents–and not senior residents either) do parts of the surgery including placing the electrode array into the cochlea on both adults and children. As one neurotologic surgeon told me, it is one of the easiest surgeries he does because the is working with a healthy cochlear and many of the other surgeries he does that is not true.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 24, 2015 at 11:21 pm

      @CJ: What you write about CI surgeons allowing a resident to perform the electrode insertion is precisely why we put this in the article, as oftentimes in general the surgeon is watching the resident perform a given procedure — And often this is buried in the consent forms, which is why we are alerting our readers to this issue

      However, the surgeon is pulling your chain (or maybe something else) when s/he tells you “it is one of the easiest surgeries he does” as in fact it is quite difficult, especially when placing the Med-El Flexsoft array, which is like pushing a wet noodle, or when placing a curved AB, Oticon or Cochlear electrode, which is prone to kinking.

      • Mary Pat bibel
        June 24, 2015 at 11:29 pm

        I don’t think it is for anyone but another surgeon to comment on how challenging any particular procedure is compared to another.

      • C, J.
        June 24, 2015 at 11:48 pm

        I think you missed my point. These surgeons you mention as best track record doesn’t mean that they are actually doing the surgery so in those cases their track record is irrelevant.

        I know my surger was done by a fellow because I read the hospital report but others might not realize that these surgeons you mention as best track record might not even be doing the insertion so it is a moot point.

        As for the surgeon pulling my leg about the cochlear implant surgery. I can tell you that this surgeon is highly regarded in the otolaryngology field, has a very prestegious position, and does very complicated cases so I believe he knows of what he speaks.

  14. C, J.
    June 24, 2015 at 9:39 pm

    PS You line to the Cochlear Partners Program is incorrect. It takes you to MedEl.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 24, 2015 at 11:09 pm

      Actually C.J., I take “link hygiene” quite seriously, sometimes going back and re-linking articles when a referring site changes their website (Hearing Review is a serial offender). In any event, the Cochlear Partners Program link is correct: You may have clicked on the wrong link, especially from a mobile. Here is the actual snippet of HTML copied and pasted (the numbering will be incorrect due to the ≤ol≥ and ≤li≥ tags)

      1. United States Settles False Claims Act Allegations with Cochlear Americas for $880,000: US Department of Justice, June 9th, 2010
      2. Medical Device Maker Agrees to Pay $495,000 to Settle Allegations it Improperly Rewarded Military Physicians for Choosing Company Devices: US Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Western District of Washington, February 13th, 2015
      3. Med-El Pays $495,000 to Settle Allegations it Paid Kickbacks to Military CI Surgeons: The Hearing Blog, April 24th, 2015

      • C, J.
        June 24, 2015 at 11:42 pm

        In this paragraph “Tenth, what is guiding the CI brand recommendation by the audiologist and surgeon? The best ones are comfortable implanting and MAPping all three major brands, so sometimes financial “considerations” are in play, such as exclusivity deals for better device pricing; or outright kickbacks, through Cochlear Americas’ unethical and unlawful Partners’ Program;4 and as we just discovered a few days ago but not publicized in the industry press, just two months”

        When you click on the link about Cochlear Americas’ unethical and unlawful Partners’ Program it takes you to the Med-El info. I have tried it repeatedly.

        • Dan Schwartz
          June 26, 2015 at 11:13 am

          CJ, thank you very much for pointing out this linking error; and we have corrected it. We take “link hygiene” quite seriously, sometimes going back and re-linking articles when a referring site changes their website (Hearing Review is a serial offender).

  15. Chad Denning
    June 26, 2015 at 12:49 pm

    Dr Niparko did my CI surgery on February 5,2015. He has to be the most humble Dr I have ever met. As my hearing has worsened, he said to me, “Please, let me implant you and resolve your issues.” I believed him and let me tell you, it was the best decision of my life. By old implant standard’s, I had to much residual hearing at 40%. But I was missing more then half of everything said. Dr Niparko told me the sooner we implant, the faster the results. Not only did I preserve most of my residual hearing, the placement of my electrode by medical standpoint is optimally perfect. In 3 months I was at 99% on sentences in quiet, 86% in noise and 93% on word recognition. Now coming up on my 5th month activated, my hearing in my implanted ear is so great, I am considering going bilateral. For the record, I did not choose AB but Cochlear. It really doesn’t matter which brand you choose, if your surgeon does a bad placement, you will struggle. I feel extremely blessed to have Dr Niparko for a surgeon and his vast knowledge of implantable device’s. USC was very smart in hiring him, he has raised the bar for surgeon’s at House and UCLA. He has also secured millions of dollars in funding to further advance the research coming out of USC.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 26, 2015 at 1:08 pm

      Chad, we are very pleased you are achieving such good results so soon! Since you opted for the Nucleus, you’ll want to take advantage of the “sexy” externals’ features, especially the Unite wireless accessories. To that end, we recommend the ReSound Enzo 7 or 9 hearing aid for your opposite ear, possibly programmed to linear for speech envelope preservation.

      We published a comprehensive list of accessories for the ReSound & Cochlear systems last year at this link. Whether you choose to use an Enzo or not for your non-implanted ear, we recommend purchasing accessories which are compatible with it, as the forthcoming Nucleus 7 processor will require them, so it’s better to maintain forward compatibility.

      • Chad Denning
        June 26, 2015 at 2:04 pm

        Dan, I have an ReSound Alera in my left ear which is effected by Meniere’s. So some days I can hear great with that ear and others… well it sounds like a broken speaker with Tinnitus that sounds like a freight train in my head.

        By the way, I didn’t choose Cochlear because of it’s “Sexy” features, but for reliability, longevity and promise to leave no one behind. The fact that the FDA just aproved the N22 for upgrade to the N6 processor tells me that I made the right decision for me. As for perks, such as the wireless capabilities of the N6, I believe that they are one of the major reasons for my success. Besides have beautful impedence numbers (thanks Dr Niparko), my Dynamic range is huge (between 38 and 72) and stimulation of 900hz X 8 for 7,200. Back to the wireless capabilities… I can now talk on the Phone again… been 2 years, the Mini Mic… I use it to stream my computer at school while editing shows (Studio Production Student) and listening to tutorials for my Didgital Multimedia stuff, I also plug it in to the intercom system/party line in the studio and they talk wirelessly to my head… NO MORE HEADPHONE that I so struggled to hear with and I also use it at my men’s group, setting it at the end of the long table so I can hear the guys at the other end with ease, while everyone else struggle, I enjoy loud clear voices. Last but not least… The TV streamer… AHHHHH I can blast my TV away in head and my Family doesn’t have to hear it! My Dad asked me if I could get that for my Mother… She is getting hard of hearing in her old age and kidney disease. So I actively am listening to something in my CI ear pretty much 10-12 hours a day and using my HA ear for my local surroundings. I will be remapped on Tuesday and look forward to even hearing better.

        I am not posting to get into brand wars… But to tell you the honest truth, regardless of monopolar or bipolar… if you don’t put the hours of rehab in, you spiral ganglion are severely damaged or have a bad placement, you will struggle. It breaks my heart to see those that strugle after surgery, have componet failure, bad placement, infection or whatever the matter. The whole goal is to hear better! Regardless of if you Choose AB, MedEl or Cochlear… it’s all rubish if you get implanted for any other reason then to be able to continue to communicate with the world. Some will hear Music, Some will struggle with Music, if you got implanted with the thought that you will hear music again like you did with your regular ear, you are being set up for failure. I am fortunate in the fact that I am an early implatee. My recovery and my learning to hear again has been incredibly easy and a lot of workalong with a great relationship with my Audiologist. Placement, Mapping and Hard Work/Therapy are the 3 major factors in the outcome of you CI journey. The lack of one of those can make a huge difference how fast you return to hearing.

        So like I said earlier, “I feel blessed to have Dr Niparko as my surgeon.” I trust him 100% and we have an amazing relationship. He also takes time out of his busy schedule to go to many awarness meeting here in So Cal, both for Patients and Physicians to spread awarness. How many Presidents of University medicine do this.. How many Internationaly Renowned Scientist and Researchers do this??? Dr Niparko does… So if you are in So Cal and reading this, look up Dr Niparko at Keck School of Medicine, USC. It may just be the best decision you will ever make, it sure is for me!

  16. D.D.
    July 27, 2015 at 3:12 pm

    I am considering a cochlear implant. What information do you have about Dr. Rick Friedman at USC-Keck?

    • Dan Schwartz
      July 28, 2015 at 6:41 pm

      I don’t have any info on him; however we highly recommend Dr John Niparko

  17. bernie
    August 15, 2015 at 9:54 pm

    Dan, you mentioned dr. Rubinstein at the University of Washington over Seth Schwartz at Virgina Mason. Could he possibly be on you list? I haven’t met with him for a CI yet…but I,like these other commenters want the best.

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 26, 2016 at 2:21 pm

      Rubinstein is very good; but he was de-listed because the audiology department at Seattle Childrens’ is abysmal as they do not know how to diagnose or manage ANSD; and worse, Rubinstein is clueless on the subject of unsynchronized signals arriving at the dorsal cochlear nucleus, only unilaterally implanting ANSD kiddies, to their detriment.

  18. Hadron
    September 3, 2015 at 2:52 pm


    What do you think of the reputation of Dr. Patrick Antonelli and his body of work at the Universiiy of Florida at Gainesville?


    • Dan Schwartz
      September 3, 2015 at 11:05 pm

      Not familiar with him.

      • brian
        February 18, 2016 at 1:10 pm

        Hello, I have an appointment for a CI evaluation with an audiologist at the Ear Institute of Chicago in a couple weeks. Can you please let me know if you have any information on their surgeons, Drs. Battista and Wittkopf? Is it okay to do a CI evaluation at one facility and then have a surgeon from somewhere else do the operation? Please advise. Thanks

  19. Jim Flesch
    September 22, 2015 at 6:29 pm

    Mr. Schwartz,

    Our 29 year old daughter has profound hearing loss and the ENT recommended that she receive a cochlear implant.

    Do you have a recommendation for someone to see in the Phoenix area?

    We are being referred to Dr. John Macias.

    Thank you.

    Jim Flesch

    • Dan Schwartz
      September 23, 2015 at 12:45 pm

      No, I do not recommend any of the CI surgeons in the area. Hop a shuttle to LA to USC-Keck or House Ear Clinic, for Dr’s Niparko, Wilkinson, or Slattery.

  20. Di
    September 25, 2015 at 2:25 am

    Hi Dan,

    I have some personal questions seeking your advice. If you don’t mind, can we chat over emails?


    • Dan Schwartz
      September 25, 2015 at 7:44 am

      • Di
        September 25, 2015 at 11:43 pm

        Hi Dan,

        I sent you two messages on facebook, but it’s said the message sent to your “other folder”. Please check your other folder.


        • Dan Schwartz
          September 26, 2015 at 2:41 pm

          Di, it is my pleasure to point you to the right neurotologic surgeons to straighten out your SSDS (SCDS) as well as hybrid CI!

  21. John David Stegeman
    October 5, 2015 at 9:56 am


    Very interesting information, and certainly it’s not something that you see discussed much on the Internet.

    Are you able to name the Michigan program and surgeon that had the malpractice issue with the kinked electrode array? I’m being implanted next week in Michigan, and it would be good to know…

    My surgeon is Dr. Eleanor Chan at the Michigan Ear Institute – do you have any information on her or the program there? I’m not on Facebook…

  22. Lettie
    October 19, 2015 at 2:51 pm

    Hi I am interested in your comments as we are currently researching CI for our daughter who has been approved as a candidate. It’s interesting that you have such bad things to say about CHOP. Our daughter currently has medicaid, and maybe we will look into the possibility of going to NYU. Do you know the doctors at NYEE? I’ve heard good things about them as well.

    Our current plan was to implant with Brian Dunham at CHOP and programming by Melissa Ferrello.

    My husband and I are professional musicians and am curious if you have input on the best implant or programming for musical access, specifically pitch perception.

    • Dan Schwartz
      October 19, 2015 at 4:52 pm

      NY Eye & Ear is good; but we recommend Dr Tom Roland at NYU Langone, as that center has the best outcomes; and as we discussed, he tries for residual hearing preservation

      As for brand, we recommend the Advanced Bionics implants, as there’s a new 1024-channel stim for music being developed which will run on the HiRes 90k implant. Also, although the externals are not as important as the implant circuit, we really like the Phonak processors; and as we recently discussed here, their radio technology is already very good, and will be getting much better mid-to-late next year.

      The Med-El i100 is a decent implant, but although twice as fast as the Nucleus CI522 and with the electrodes spaced far enough apart, it’s OK. However, it’s a smaller company and they aren’t also in the hearing aid business, so their processors lack the advanced noise reduction processing that Phonak brings to the table.

      • Lettie
        November 29, 2015 at 9:30 pm

        Hi Dan,

        I apologize if this is a double post, but I’m not seeing my last comment. We live in Philadelphia, and unfortunately, I can’t get Keystone first medicaid to pay for us to go to New York to get CI for our daughter. That leaves CHOP, Dupont Nemours, or St. Christopher’s I guess. I know you said you weren’t a big fan of any Philly CI programs, but since these are our options, do you have any input whatsoever on surgeons or programming audiologists?

        We are looking at either AB or Med-el at this point, and unfortunately CHOP does 75% Cochlear, so I’m not sure we’re going to find a surgeon who does a ton of the other brands.



        • Dan Schwartz
          November 29, 2015 at 11:14 pm

          Try Willcox at Jefferson

          • Lettie
            November 30, 2015 at 6:57 pm

            It looks like Jefferson only implants adults currently.

            • Dan Schwartz
              December 1, 2015 at 6:56 pm

              Since you’re getting Advanced Bionics for your daughter, talk to the patient coordinator (I think it’s still Katie Peter Skipper) for guidance. Also, Hershey has a good program.

  23. Rene Moerman
    October 25, 2015 at 2:38 pm

    Would you have any knowledge about the the Audiology center at Emory in Atlanta.

    • Dan Schwartz
      October 25, 2015 at 2:51 pm

      We recommend Auditory-Verbal Center of Atlanta in Century City (404-633-8911), and the Atlanta Speech School on Northside Drive: Both places have full pediatric & adult audiology clinics including MAPping CI’s, and both places do a very good job.

      If you or your child needs CI’s, you’ll be driving up to Nashville, as the surgeons up there are much better than any in Atlanta. One of my longtime patients who still had significant high frequency hearing was just implanted a few weeks ago (I’ll not name the surgeon), and even though the electrode was an AB mid-scala for atraumatic insertion, she woke up with her residual hearing destroyed, with resultant poorer outcome (see Effects of CI Electrode Insertion on Tinnitus by Balkany for the research) — Nice going, schmuck.

  24. Rob Cunningham
    November 17, 2015 at 1:05 pm

    My 89 year old mother just had a consult with an audiologist in Cincinnati about the possibility of a cochlear implant…she’s been totally deaf in one ear for decades, and is progressively losing her hearing in the other ear. Many years ago, she consulted with Dr House in Los Angeles, but there have been advancements since then…

    The news from the audiologist was not good regarding her candidacy…however, we’d like a second opinion. Please advise: who are the very top Otolaryngology docs in Cincinnati?

    Would it be worth traveling to Los Angeles to consult with Dr Niparko?

    Thank you in advance for your reply…
    kindly, Rob

    • Dan Schwartz
      November 17, 2015 at 2:32 pm

      Rob, the age record for CI’s is 99 in the US, and 100 in UK. The biggest issues are motivation and ability to tolerate the surgery, which takes about 90 minutes.

      Dr Ravi Sami is an excellent CI surgeon in Cincinnati — Talk to him first. Any of the surgeons on the list are outstanding.

      I asked Dr Niparko at the 2010 HLAA convention if a CI can be done under a local (it was for a friend who is a dwarf, and dwarves don’t tolerate general anesthesia well): He said he’s implanted under a local for a couple patients in their 90’s, so it’s do-able.

      • Rob Cunningham
        November 19, 2015 at 11:04 pm

        Many thanks, Dan…

        As it turns out, mom’s audiologist also recommended Dr.Ravi Samy…so that’s who she’ll go to if/when she decides to pursue this course. It was also recommended that she attend an upcoming conference/meeting of CI patients, to gather info and ask questions, which she’ll do.

        The service that you’re providing here is invaluable, Dan…Just having Dr. Samy’s expertise confirmed is a great comfort. Again, many thanks.

        kindly, Rob

        • Dan Schwartz
          November 20, 2015 at 1:00 pm

          Rob, thank you for your kind words, as it makes what I do worthwhile!

  25. Jane Richman
    November 18, 2015 at 8:25 pm

    Can you recommend a CI surgeon in Chicago?
    Thank you!

    • Dan Schwartz
      November 20, 2015 at 1:03 pm

      For pediatric CI’s I recommend Dr Dana Suskind and her excellent program at UC/Comer Children’s. None of the Chicagoland adult CI surgeons made the list; but the adult program at UC is rather good.

      • Jane Richman
        November 20, 2015 at 5:26 pm

        thanks, Dan. I also appreciate the work you do to share information and optimize outcomes! Is there someone special at U of C you would recommend? I’m looking for a CI surgeon for an adult (myself). Also, if I go out of state, can my local audiologist do the fine tuning post op, or do I need to return to the site where the implant was done?

        • Dan Schwartz
          November 29, 2015 at 11:17 pm

          Unfortunately, Dr Dana Suskind at UC/Comer Children’s only implants pediatric patients. If you get implanted in another city, then Yes, you can be MAPped locally; however switch-on (1st stim) and the first couple of MAPpings would be where you were implanted, especially if there are any “issues.”

  26. Kimberly
    December 1, 2015 at 11:25 pm

    I live in southwest Colorado and have been referred to Dr. Stephen Cass of University of Colorado Hospital in Denver for a CI (adult). I am also investigating surgeons/clinics in Albuquerque, NM. Do you have any recommendations?

    • Dan Schwartz
      December 2, 2015 at 1:48 pm

      Hop a plane to LAX for Dr’s Niparko, Wilkinson, or Slattery.

  27. Ruth Katz
    December 2, 2015 at 9:19 pm

    This is incredibly helpful! Thank you! Do you have any experience with Colorado implant surgeons? We have been referred to Dr. Kelsall and Dr. Feehs in Englewood. I would love an outsiders opinion on either surgeon. Thanks!

    • Dan Schwartz
      December 3, 2015 at 9:24 am

      Hop a plane to LAX for Dr’s Niparko, Wilkinson, or Slattery.

      • Ruth Katz
        December 3, 2015 at 9:35 am

        Unfortunately that is impossible. We must use a surgeon in Colorado for insurance purposes.

  28. Ralph Roesler
    December 6, 2015 at 10:34 am

    Dan, thank you for your excellent blog post on selecting a cochlear implant surgeon. I am 53 years old, have worn hearing aids bilaterally for most of my life, and am considering a CI. There is a bewildering array of (conflicting) information out there, so I find your blog very helpful. I live in Houston, do you have any information on surgeons in the area you would recommend or not recommend? Thank you in advance for your help.

  29. Anthony Vernucci
    March 11, 2016 at 4:20 pm


    How about surgeons in Florida making your list?

    Dr. Antonelli, Dr. Bartels, Dr. Telischi are a few whom seem to be highly regarded.

    Thanks. Great info.

    • Dan Schwartz
      March 11, 2016 at 7:40 pm

      I have referred several patients to Dr Loren Bartels in the past, as among other things he is an excellent neurotologist (and a hell of a nice guy). However, he’s getting up there and he is training his replacements.

  30. Safarish Ali
    March 16, 2016 at 1:05 am

    Hi I am interested in your comments as we are currently researching CI for our daughter who has been approved as a candidate. we will look into the possibility of going to NYU. Do you know the doctors at NYEE? I’ve heard good things about them as well.

    • Dan Schwartz
      March 16, 2016 at 2:08 pm

      Ron Hoffman at NY Eye & Ear is a very good surgeon; and they have a very good CI program. However, we like Tom Roland and Bill Shapiro’s program at NYU Langone even more, as they have the very best outcomes.

      When we compiled our “Best of” list, both the surgeon’s skills need to be at the top of the profession..AND. the audiology services need to follow Best Practices.

      • Safarish Ali
        March 17, 2016 at 11:42 am

        Hi Dan Schwartz

        Thanks you for your quick response. what can I do now to acquire the better medicine facilities. Please tell us.

  31. Joy Ellifritz
    April 1, 2016 at 3:29 pm

    Hello Dan, I have losing my hearing for the past 12 years It is to the point where my local audiologist is recommending a CI. I am trying to decide where to go for my initial CI evaluation. Insurance will only pay for one so I would like choose where to go before my initial consultation. I found your article ver informative. Coul I ask some of these questions by phone before an actual consultation? The closest center to me (about 2 hours away) is WV University Hospital. I’ve heard things that make me hesitant to go there. Johns Hopkins and UPMC in Pittsburgh are both about 3 hours away from me. I have heard good things about Dr Hirsch at UPMC and Dr Della Santina at Hopkins (he worked with Dr Niparko). What would you recommend? Thank you for your help.

    • Dan Schwartz
      April 4, 2016 at 6:33 pm

      Joy, where you get tested for qualifying for CI’s & where you get implanted can be at two different clinics, as more than anything it’s used to convince the insurance company to pay for them. That being said, some CI centers like to pile on re-testing if you qualify elsewhere to rack up the billing, though it’s generally less-than-ethical.

      It’s highly important recorded test materials are used in the speech audiometry portions. For more, please see Qualifying For Cochlear Implants: Were YOU Washed Out Due To Improper Speech Testing?

      • Joy Ellifritz
        April 5, 2016 at 8:59 pm

        Thank you Dan. This is very interesting information and I think definitely applied to me. I was also reading some of your information on ASND which was after reading that, I think might also apply to me. I am going to ask more on your site. I hope that is ok. Thanks again.

  32. john Held
    April 7, 2016 at 4:28 pm

    Any recommendations in the Houston Texas area?

    Any opinions on Dr. Joseph Chang – director of the Texas Ear Center, a division of Texas ENT Specialists.

    any suggestions on mapping audiologist in the Houston, Texas area?

  33. Reader
    May 11, 2016 at 6:40 pm

    Hello Dan,

    I was born with a bilateral moderate to moderately severe hearing loss. I have worn hearing aids for most of my life.

    This year, I went totally deaf in one ear and lost additional hearing in my other ear. My good ear now has a moderately severe to borderline severe hearing loss.

    I want to get a CI for my totally deaf ear.

    My insurance company (which is also my health care provider) has denied me for a CI; the insurer does not implant unilaterally and my remaining hearing and speech discrimination are both too good for me to qualify for a CI under the terms of most relevant guidelines.

    I would have to find a surgeon who would be willing to go off-label for me.

    Can you recommend any CI surgeons and mappers in the U.S. who might be willing to implant and map someone who has single-sided deafness?


    • Dan Schwartz
      May 17, 2016 at 3:01 pm

      Actually, both Med-El and Cochlear already have FDA approval for single-sided deafness when the other ear has normal hearing, so the problem is with getting insurance approval. Advanced Bionics earned the CE marque from TÜV 14 months ago, so FDA approval should be any day now. My suggestion is to contact the CI manufacturers’ insurance departments to structure your appeal. Start here.

      • Reader
        June 23, 2016 at 5:17 pm

        Hello Dan,

        Thanks for referring me to Cochlear’s OMS [Otologic Management Services] Insurance Support. Two weeks ago, my insurance company made their denial official. A day later, I phoned OMS. Unfortunately, the OMS representative with whom I spoke told me that OMS is legally prohibited from appealing denials for off-label cases, such as mine.

        Now, I want to find a surgeon who is willing to go off-label for me.

        Do you know anything about Dr Joseph Roberson of the California Ear Institute in Northern California? If so, and if doing so would cause you no trouble, can you please share what (if anything) you know about his reputation?


        • Dan Schwartz
          June 27, 2016 at 4:30 pm

          Dear reader: It’s usually not a question of a surgeon willing to go “off-label” (though I know of one in the Pacific Northwest who screwed over a toddler by waiting until her first birthday to be “on-label”) as it is getting the insurance to pay for it.

          On the west coast, I recommend Dr’s Wilkinson or Slattery at House Ear Clinic in LA (but be VERY careful negotiating prices, as their “rack rate” for uninsured or other cash-paying customers is $120k!).

          On The Other Hand, Dr Stanley Baker at Surgery Center of Oklahoma in OKC charges a flat $8,800 for the implant surgery plus the cost of the device, which is about $27k for an Advanced Bionics surgical kit & processor kit) …And Southwest has cheap fares to OKC from Oakland, slightly more from SFO; and much more from San Jose.

          • Brian Bielski
            June 29, 2016 at 5:36 pm

            Hey Dan,
            Thanks again for your blog on choosing a surgeon. I used Dr. Novak in Urbana IL and everything is going extremely well. The Carle Foundation team is outstanding. Implanted June 1st, activated June 24th and I am already functioning quite well in less than a week. Dr. Iddings is a joy to work with on the mapping. I never would have found this team without your blog and am more than happy to drive 155 miles each way to work with them!

            • Dan Schwartz
              July 4, 2016 at 10:56 am

              Brian, it’s reports like yours which make the work I put into this blog worthwhile.

              Have a happy and safe Fourth!

          • Reader
            July 31, 2016 at 5:10 pm

            Thanks, Dan.

            I have two more follow up questions. I hope you won’t mind.

            Here goes:

            1. As you know, insurance companies adhere to the FDA guidelines regarding adult CI candidacy, which state that successful CI candidates must receive “limited benefit from amplification defined by preoperative test scores of ≤ 50% sentence recognition in the ear to be implanted and ≤60% in the opposite ear or binaurally.”

            A recent test revealed that my speech discrimination exceeds 70 percent in my aided ear. As such, my insurance company considers me to be SSD, which disqualifies me from both insurance coverage and the right to appeal the company’s denial. Moreover, this means I would have to pay out of pocket to get a CI for my completely deaf ear.

            As you noted, the cost of a CI is high. Now, I am concerned that I could be hit by a double financial whammy in the future if I pay out of pocket for a CI now.

            I have a hypothetical situation:

            – Now I pay out of pocket for a CI for my completely deaf ear; and
            – Someday, my moderately to severely HOH ear goes profoundly or completely deaf.

            In the above-described situation, my best aided ear would have a CI and my speech discrimination test score would once again exceed 60 percent. I would once again fail to meet the requirements of an insurance company.

            In your opinion, if this hypothetical situation happens, would I probably have to pay out of pocket for a second CI, too?

            2. If I get a CI for my completely deaf ear despite the potential future financial risk that I’ve just described, what questions should I ask of CI surgeons and CI mappers whom I am considering? Are there any web sites or books that have questions that you think people should ask surgeons and mappers?

            • Dan Schwartz
              August 1, 2016 at 7:33 pm

              CI’s are now FDA approved for SSD

  34. Kathy
    July 12, 2016 at 2:23 pm

    Hi there, My 86 year old mother’s local audiologist has suggested she may be a candidate for a CI. Due to her age she really would prefer to not travel further than the 100 miles to Sacramento. Any chance there’s someone there you could suggest? Since it sounds like the process would take many visits she doesn’t really want to have to go all the way to the House Institute. Thoughts?


    • Dan Schwartz
      July 13, 2016 at 12:38 am

      Kathy, this is a complicated question, and one we may not address in full.

      First, at 86, we’re getting into physical issues, namely, health and her ability to tolerate surgery. Although the record for CI surgery is 100 in Britain; and 88 on this side of the pond in New Jersey, people age differently. Beyond this is above our pay grade, except to say she should be implanted at a top full-service medical hospital, fully capable of managing any unexpected complications exacerbated by her age.

      Second, are issues of once the CI is installed, are odds & ends such as cognition, how long she’s been hearing impaired, and how fast it declined, as these factors go into projecting the success of her auditory rehab.

      Third, via your e-mail address (which is suppressed), we found you on social media. Do you have a CI, yourself?

    August 16, 2016 at 5:57 pm

    Hi Dan,

    My daughter is in the process for getting a CI. She is currently being seen by a doctor at UCI, but I have my reservations about the hospital and doctor. Do you have any suggestions for Orange County, California?

    Thank you

    • Dan Schwartz
      August 23, 2016 at 10:06 am

      Monique, you have the list. Count yourself lucky you only have maybe a 90 minute drive to House Ear Clinic, as people fly there from all over the western half of the country, as they “deliver the goods” (get the best results).

      We do not recommend UCI.

  36. Jim
    August 21, 2016 at 7:52 am

    I would think that you should go the best surgeon even if out of state, but if you choose that option how does it affect after the surgery? What is the difference in going to an out-of-area surgeon vs. in-area surgeon? For example in terms of follow-up, support,etc?

    • Dan Schwartz
      August 23, 2016 at 9:57 am

      Jim, it makes no difference, as patients move all the time, so it’s easy to transfer to a local clinic for MAPping. Since you’re in the Palmetto state, you’ll need to hop a plane to Nashville, NYC, or Miami for the nearest top surgeons.

      • Donna Kim
        January 15, 2017 at 6:07 pm

        Dan, what a wonderful site you have for us stepping into the confusing world of CI.
        My 81 year old mother is in wonderful condition. Walks 2 miles a day, no underlying
        medical problems.
        She’s worn hearing aids for 30+ years but now they no longer offer much benefit.
        She’s in Peoria, Illinois. I don’t see any surgeons on your list in that area, and
        you mention, other than Pediatrics, you don’t have recommendations for Chicago.
        I checked into nearby Dr. Mike Novak at Carle Clinic, as well as Dr. Chole, Dr. Herzog
        and Dr.Craig Buchman in St. Louis. All do not accept Managed Medicare insurance plans
        (Humana Advantage Gold HMO).
        Is my mom destined to have surgery by a less qualified Dr because she has managed
        medicare? Looking forward to your response, and again thank you for the time and effort you
        doubt put into this valuable site! Donna Kim

        • Dan Schwartz
          April 7, 2017 at 5:38 pm

          There’s a reason why we have the list…

      • Pat Thobe
        February 13, 2017 at 10:14 am

        I am pursuing a CI……live in Asheville, NC and most people here go to UNC, Chapel Hill. I have been evaluated by Dr. David Kaylie at Duke U. in Durham. What is opinion of surgeons at these two facilities?

        Thank you for your help.

        • Dan Schwartz
          April 7, 2017 at 5:40 pm

          Pat, you’ll need to drive about 230 miles west on I-40 to Vandy: Craig Buchman was the only top CI surgeon in the Carolinas, but he went west to WUSTL.

  37. Glenn Dusky
    December 17, 2016 at 7:21 pm

    What is your opinion of the OHSU Oregon Health Science implant team?

  38. Dale Halwani
    August 5, 2017 at 5:05 pm

    Hello Dan,
    We recently visited with a C.I. surgeon in Orlando, Fl. by the name Michael
    Seidman who was very confident about doing the implant – are you familiar with
    him and how is his success rating? Besides Dr. Eshraghi, who else would you
    recommend in Florida?

    Also, of the three manufacturers, in your opinion how should one decide which
    device to go with? One final point, I understand that the post op adult re-
    habilitation is very important and yet surgeons never bring it up … I find
    that confusing.

    • Dan Schwartz
      August 6, 2017 at 1:34 pm

      Dale, you have the list of surgeons: Choose wisely.
      Same for the implant: Don’t fall for the “wow” factor on sexy externals, as they all keep up with each other.

      • Dale halwani
        October 31, 2017 at 3:58 pm

        Hi Dan,
        Recently I read that “cochlear implants with electrodes designed with no wire (called lateral wall electrodes) perform better for long-term hearing preservation. And also, the ’round window’ surgical procedure is preferable to the “cochleostomy” for residual hearing. Would you kindly elaborate on these two issues. Thanks.

        • Dan Schwartz
          October 31, 2017 at 5:22 pm

          Dale, those are good questions, and I’ll address the second one first:

          • The orientation of the cochlea varies widely, with one surgeon telling me that barely half of cochleas are orientated in a fashion which allows for a round window approach. In addition, although low frequency conductive (mechanical) hearing losses are, in my opinion, almost trivial in the grand scheme of things (else why would you be getting a CI to begin with?!), in fact they do indeed occur, as if you look at the perilymph turbulent fluid flow, “stiffening up” of the oval window is somewhat akin to increasing both the mass and stiffness of a loudspeaker “drone cone” passive radiator.

          As for your first question about using a lateral vs perimodiolar (or now, “mid-scala” semi-perimodiolar) array, I somewhat question Med-El’s marketing spin, as very much I stress the skill of the surgeon, and his/her fingertip “touch” to feel for any obstructions as s/he is threading the inch-long array into the pea-sized hearing organ, without making hash of the delicate structure, especially piercing the basilar membrane resulting in instantaneous hearing loss due to the loss of electrical potential when the perilymph & endolymph ionic solutions mix and cancel each other out. The surgeons on our preferred list (to which we’ll soon be adding at least two) are all capable of placing a perimodiolar electrode without causing excessive trauma.

          Furthermore, since blood droplets can lead to endolymphatic fibrous tissue formation, histologic studies seem to show the “lateral” placement can damage the stria vascularis, the tiny blood vessels on the outer wall of the cochlea. What’s more, as one Chicago CI surgeon (perhaps inadvertently?) admitted when he stopped implanting Med-El, their very flexible array is like “pushing wet spaghetti.”

          The most important factor for successful CI performance — with a given platform — is the skill of the surgeon.

          • Dale Halwani
            November 14, 2017 at 4:36 pm

            Thanks Dan,
            Always great advice.
            Best wishes

  39. Donna Kim
    August 22, 2017 at 7:03 am

    Are you familiar with James J. Klemens, M.D. in Peoria, IL?
    Would you recommended him or another surgeon in Peoria?

    • Dan Schwartz
      August 23, 2017 at 3:02 pm

      You previously wrote asking about Michael Novak: He’s on the list, which I keep current.

      • Donna Kim
        August 24, 2017 at 11:31 am

        Dan, Thank you for your response and for remembering my inquiring regarding Dr. Novak. My mom had a wonderful experience during her evaluation by Dr. Novak and Jennifer Black, who we found thanks to your blog.
        We would love for mom to have her surgery by him, but unfortunately her Humana Gold Plus Medicare declined her request for surgery by him as there are “cochlear specialists” within the 75 mile radius of Peoria, IL, which Dr. Novak is not.
        That’s why I asked your opinion of Peoria area surgeons.
        If there are none that satisfy the criteria you set for recommendation, I will begin the dreaded process of appeals.
        Thank you again.
        Donna Kim

        • Dan Schwartz
          September 2, 2017 at 9:27 pm

          Kim, write to Advanced Bionics’ insurance department at as they have an entire team to assist you. Also, contact the patient care coördinator at Carle Foundation for assistance.

        • Brian
          September 14, 2017 at 2:00 pm

          That is crazy, I had two implants done by Dr. Novak (June 16 and Nov 16) recently and I live 155 miles away. Location shouldn’t matter as I can imagine how it would add any cost for the insurance company. This doesn’t pass my smell test. I would fight it like Dan suggested via the Advance Bionics insurance team. My insurance was BCBS.

          • Donna Kim
            July 19, 2018 at 11:26 am

            Brian and Dan,
            I wrote earlier, frustrated that Dr. Mike Novak was out of network for my mom’s insurance. After many months of appeals (comparing the credentials of
            Dr. Novak and the surgeon they proposed to perform her surgery), they
            approved our appeal and Dr. Novak performed bilateral cochlear implants with Nucleus 7 on Jan 30th of this year.
            I can’t say enough about Dr. Novak. He and his team are amazing.
            My mom had a little expected post op discomfort and recovered well.
            She’s been working with audiologist, Jennifer Black. She’s still working on interpretation of sound, but she is now is able to participate
            in conversations with friends and family and so much happier.
            Dan, thank you again for this blog. Without it I wouldn’t have know
            about Dr. Novak and we wouldn’t have gone into the surgery with as much
            confidence as we were able to with him as our surgeon.

        • Brian
          September 14, 2017 at 2:07 pm

          I believe that you also have the right to require Humana to give you the names and qualifications of each person within Humana who weighed in on rejecting your wish to use Dr. Novak. Many times low level employees are just following orders from the top and when press, insurance companies will then approve your request rather than admit medical/insurance decisions awere made by people who are not even knowledgeable about the procedure, etc…. They will want to avoid confrontation about whether or not the insurance people making the decision are even qualified to make that decision. By the way, Novak and his team are OUTSTANDING!!!

  40. Brian
    September 15, 2017 at 1:46 pm

    Donna, as for Novak not be being a cochlear specialist…… Let Humana know he did the FDA’s clinical trials for cochlear implants and has done about 1,000 implants, including the first in Illinois.

    • Donna Kim
      October 14, 2017 at 6:06 pm

      Brian, Thank you for your responses. We have appealed, awaiting their decision. My mom has Humana managed Medicare, which is why we are having the problem. If they refuse, I will write to Advanced Bionics, although she hasn’t decided on the manufacturer she wants to use yet.

  41. Stuart Sokolowski
    October 13, 2017 at 11:57 pm

    I’m a 50 year-old male who lost my hearing in late June of this year. I am scheduled to have cochlear implant surgery on November 15, 2017, by Dr. Eric Sargent of the Michigan Ear Institute in Novi, Michigan. Have you heard anything about the Michigan Ear Institute or Dr. Sargent? I also have to choose which implant I’m getting. You seem to have very positive things to say about Advanced Bionics. Is that your first choice of the 3 companies? Let me know ASAP. Thank you so much.

  42. Mark
    January 13, 2018 at 6:29 pm

    Hi there … Starting to do research on finding a surgeon in San Diego ca … Who would you suggest I talk to in my area. Thanks for this webpage as I have learn so much here .. Thanks for all your time

  43. john foy
    February 5, 2018 at 1:58 pm

    Dan, I met with Dr. Roland and learned that the electrode array for Advanced Bionics is long enough to cover the Cochelar. And AB’s HiRes 90k implant is upgradeable. If my understanding of the latter point is correct, then AB is the only logical choice. Please let me know if I an correct about this point.

    I only wish AB’s external pieces did not look like they are relics from the Industrial Revolution.

    Thank you again for your insights and information.

  44. Randy
    February 12, 2018 at 1:11 am

    I am in Houston, and my 3 year old son has mild to moderate deafness in his left ear and profound deafness in his right ear (enlarged vestibular aqueduct and other malformations of the cochlea). A hearing aid is working well in the left, but the right is not able to be aided so he has been referred for single sided CI.

    We are in Houston, TX and have been referred to Dr. Ching-Yen J. Chang of Texas ENT. Is there any feedback on him or any other Houston area provider? We have other small children so traveling out of area would be very challenging, but not impossible…

  45. Anne
    February 16, 2018 at 11:52 am

    One week anniversary of implant operation. I chose Dr. Roland at NYU after consulting with Dan and reading this blog. He is stellar – a great doctor and human being. So far, I have retained some residual hearing in the implanted ear. NYU is over-the -top in patient care. They take so many precautions to make sure you are aware of what is happening and the operation is successful. Dr. Roland is upbeat and honest about the outcome. The nursing staff is professional and caring. In one day faith in humanity is refreshed and restored. I met so many kind and concerned individuals from admissions to post-op staff. Kudos to Dan for creating and maintaining a blog where people can explore options and find and share experiences about cochlear implants. Dr. Roland A plus. I am implanted with the Nucleus. So thankful for any and all residual hearing there. As a teacher-of-the deaf, I have seen many CI sceanarios – enough to know they are not always equal. I could give a nod to some of the centers that Dan states to stay away from, but it wouldn’t be fair as it is based on insufficient evidence. However, I would recommend travel when he says to do that, it is worth the inconvenience. NYC is a fun place to visit and accommodation in Jersey City or another outlying area are only a subway ride away.

  46. KAY
    February 19, 2018 at 4:34 pm

    HI, Thanks for the informative article! I’m just about to start looking for a team in the Washington DC area. Over the years of my hearing decline I’ve met with professionals at Johns Hopkins and Georgetown MedStar. What can you tell me about who’s the best in the region, or if I need to travel?

    Thanks for your help.

    • Dan Schwartz
      February 19, 2018 at 6:56 pm

      Daniel Coehlo at Virginia Commonwealth in Richmond is the best CI surgeon in the region.

  47. KAY
    February 19, 2018 at 7:31 pm


    Tahnks for the answer. When I travel for a CI surgeon, it means I keep going back to that location for all the follow ups, right? And, If I’m traveling, is this equal to NYU?
    Thanks again!

    • Dan Schwartz
      February 22, 2018 at 10:58 am

      Only for the first couple MAPpings; then you transfer to a local CI audiologist.

  48. Travis
    February 19, 2018 at 9:20 pm

    Who is the top surgeon for a med-el CI? I have consulted with a few doctors, including 1 listed here, but no one seems to do very much of that device…

  49. Anthony Galvan
    April 3, 2018 at 10:36 pm

    I was I originally intending to use Dr Roland’s in NY however he didn’t take my insurance plan. After research I choose Dr. Lawrence Lustig from Morgan Stanley Childrens hospital. I believe he very qualified. Any opinion on Dr Lustig’s ability? He seems to be very versed and performs a lot of implants. He’s chairman of the entire Dept. and assured me he personally performs every part of the surgery from beginning to end. I feel confident in his ability but any opinions would be greatly appreciated!

    • Dan Schwartz
      April 4, 2018 at 8:42 pm

      Anthony, Larry Lustig is indeed an outstanding surgeon; and when he was at UCSF, he implanted several friends of mine, including Mike Marzalek, with their AB devices. In addition, he was a research surgeon on the original AB implants.

      He would have easily have made the original list, except for the fact that while the CI audiology program at UCSF is OK, it isn’t outstanding, and it takes all the ingredients to have a fantastic outcome.

      Although Lustig is an outstanding surgeon, I honestly don’t know how good his post-implant fitting team is; but at least if they screw up, NYU Langone has an outstanding program. Talk to Jane Madell, as she knows the NYC audiology scene as good as anyone.

  50. Shawn
    May 21, 2018 at 4:44 pm

    I was wondering if you had any recommendations in Alaska for CI surgery

    • Dan Schwartz
      May 21, 2018 at 6:09 pm

      There are no CI surgeons in Alaska: The sole CI program in Anchorage sends their patients to Seattle.

      • Shawn
        May 21, 2018 at 9:21 pm

        Thank you. What would your recommendation be in Seattle

        • Dan Schwartz
          May 21, 2018 at 9:54 pm

          I’d sit in the airplane seat another couple of hours for Dr Slattery at House Ear in LA, as Dr Larry Lustig moved from UCSF to NYU.

          • John
            May 21, 2018 at 11:19 pm

            Do you know anything about Jeffrey P. Harris, MD, PhD | UC San Diego Health …thanks

            • Dan Schwartz
              May 21, 2018 at 11:47 pm

              No, we don’t. If he rotated through House Ear Clinic, then at least he would be properly trained; but that is all.

  51. john foy
    June 5, 2018 at 11:43 pm

    Dan, I had my CI on May 2nd and have an endless echo effect with my AB sound processor. My audiologist has tried to eliminate it to no avail. And advise on this matter? Thank you

    • Dan Schwartz
      June 6, 2018 at 10:56 pm

      John, my suggestion is to ask your CI audiologist to bring in a factory rep to escalate this, and get to the bottom of the problem.

      • john foy
        June 6, 2018 at 11:16 pm

        when you say “factory rep” do you mean the local or regional sales rep for AB?

        • Dan Schwartz
          June 9, 2018 at 11:27 pm

          Tech support rep, usually a clinical audiologist.

          • john foy
            June 10, 2018 at 9:55 am

            thank you.

  52. Terry Clark
    July 12, 2018 at 11:43 am

    Hi Dan,
    You mentioned OHSU is pretty good in a previous post. I’m scheduled for CI surgery on July 17 at OHSU. I asked my surgeon the list of questions and his answer to the CT scan before closing was they don’t do that. I’m getting the Med-El EAS system. Any further comments?

    • Dan Schwartz
      July 12, 2018 at 1:06 pm

      Hi Terry!
      Since you’re getting the Med-El EAS system, it’s doubly important to get at least an x-ray to verify, either before closing, or worst case, while on the way to the recovery room, as this goes directly to residual hearing preservation, as if the electrode is not placed properly, it’s vital the electrode is immediately replaced with a full-length array, as if it’s folded over, with a short electrode, you’ll really be hosed.

      At what frequency does your hearing threshold cross 60dB on the audiogram?

      • Terry Clark
        July 18, 2018 at 7:32 pm

        Hi Dan, thanks for your reply. My surgery at OHSU took place on July 17th. My Surgeon. Dr. Sachin Gupta answered all my questions that I had (some were yours) clearly to my satisfaction as the surgery would not have taken place otherwise. OHSU employs a Cochlear implant fixation using a subperiosteal tight pocket without either suture or bone-recess technique.

        Summary below:
        Jethanamest D1, Channer GA, Moss WJ, Lustig LR, Telischi FF.
        Author information
        To assess the complication and migration rates associated with the fixation of cochlear implant receiver-stimulators using a subperiosteal tight pocket without either suture fixation or bone recession.
        Dual-institution retrospective case review.
        A retrospective case review was conducted at two tertiary referral centers. All patients who underwent cochlear implantation with device fixation using a subperiosteal tight pocket without suturing over the device or recessing of the receiver stimulator in bone were identified. There was a minimum follow-up period of 6 months. Outcome measures included intraoperative and postoperative complications, including evidence of device migration associated with interference with external device use or the need for revision surgery. Other outcome measures included soft tissue flap complications.
        Sixty-two patients were identified with a mean age of 39 years, (range 1.5-5 years). The average follow-up period was 32.6 months (range 6-120 months). Device manufacturers included Cochlear Corporation (Denver, CO) (n=44), MED-EL (Durham, NC) (n=12), and Advanced Bionics (Valencia, CA) (n=6). There were no associated intraoperative complications related to subperiosteal pocket fixation of the receiver stimulator, and no cases of migration were identified.
        Fixation of the cochlear implant receiver stimulator using a subperiosteal tight pocket without either suture fixation or bone recession has been demonstrated to be feasible across a range of patient demographics and cochlear implant devices. This method of fixation appears to allow for an efficient and minimally invasive approach without compromising patient safety or device performance.
        The correct insertion on my Med-El EAS implant was verified by X-ray. I will frame that picture when I download it when I get home.

        My recovery pain level was (scale of 1-10) last night and today can be discribed as 7 when I woke up from surgery and ramped down to a 4 by this morning and further down to a 1by mid afternoon. All of it controlled easily by Tylenol. Swelling was minimal and controlled by ice pack off and on as relief required.

        Some interesting sensations today include being able to hear in the implanted ear, through tissue surrounding the implant I guess, running my hand in my hair or sliding my finger on my scalp.

        As it stands right now, I am very pleased with OHSU. For a layman, like myself, when interfacing with a field that is unfamiliar, quality and professionalism is difficult to describe but easily recognized.

        I’ll share more as my journey continues.

        Best regards,

        • Dan Schwartz
          July 18, 2018 at 11:17 pm

          Hi Terry!

          Your surgeon, Dr Sachin Gupta, did .NOT. follow the manufacturer’s specifications with his “minimally-invasive” (or as I call it, “slip & go”) technique, which he bamboozled you when he called it “subperiosteal tight pocket without… bone-recess technique.”

          The reason this technique is Very Bad is that as the implant package moves around under your scalp, it places stresses and strains on the very fine platinum wires as they emerge through the ceramic feedthru beads, causing premature hardware failure.

          The reason why “slip & go” is popular at university hospitals is due to pressure from the Ivory Tower to cut corners: Operating room time is booked in 15 minute blocks, and is north of $1,000 per 15 minutes (mainly due to the MedMal premiums for the anesthesiologist), in addition to any surgeon fees, hardware costs, etc…

          By The Way, I was warned about this “minimally-invasive” schtick by a Harvard-trained overseas CI surgeon and med school professor, who has been implanting Med-El since the late 1970’s (his son is also a CI surgeon in Florida).

          • Terry Clark
            July 18, 2018 at 11:44 pm

            Hi Dan, thanks for your reply. Well, it was clearly my chose to continue the process that I started with Dr. Gupta and OHSU. I would not say that I was bamboozaled at all as I feel confidant in my own research. Further, to say Dr. Gupta bambooazled me is a misnomer as he very clearly and honestly put the facts before me. He also offered to refer me to another surgeon of my choosing. I understand you disagree and in the interest of fairness, with your concurance as it is your blog, I will continue to document on these pages my experiences with OHSU and additional thoughts I my have from time to time.

            • Terry Clark
              September 9, 2018 at 11:55 am

              Hi Dan,
              My Med-El Sonnet EAS withe the Flex 28 R/S was turned on July 31 and I have had three follow up visits at OHSU since. I could not be more pleased with the outcome. I’ve retained low tone residual hearing in my right ear so the EAS was the proper chose.

              The results of my last visit hearing test (with and without background noise) was exceptional.

              I highly recommend OHSU.

              My best regards,

            • Dan Schwartz
              September 11, 2018 at 11:37 pm

              Terry, I’m glad you got a full-length electrode for EAS, especially if your hearing loss is progressive. For short electrodes, progressive loss is a contraindication for EAS.

              For more, please see The Curious Hybrid (EAS) Cochlear Implant Recipient.

  53. ronald Voights
    September 7, 2018 at 10:33 pm

    My first frequency adjustable hearing aids were purchased in Oklahoma 2001. I was happy with the results, but not perfect. I purchased 2 Phonak in 2007 and was somewhat satisfied, but now I do not hear 80% of the TV shows. I’ve done some research, watched video of the operation and looked at different CI types. I live in Coeur D’Alene Idaho and there isn’t a lot of local info as to what my next step should be. I can travel. Any suggestions? Thanks for your blog.
    I’m 75 and a retired Tribologist.

    • Dan Schwartz
      September 11, 2018 at 11:57 pm

      Hi Ronald! Coeur d’Alene is gorgeous, and the Cabela’s in Post Falls has the biggest gun library I’ve ever seen! [I have family in Spokane Valley.]

      Fortunately, Southwest has good fares, and if you’re going to travel, you might as well go to the best. Although any of the facilities on the list are good (and we’re about to add Dr Dan Coelho in Richmond to the updated list), I really like Vanderbilt’s use of advanced surgical techniques. Prof. René Gifford is the CI coordinator, and is quite diligent.

      Looking at Southwest, you can get to Nashville in one stop via Denver, Las Vegas, or Phoenix

  54. Cathy C.
    September 9, 2018 at 11:49 pm

    I have worn hearing aids since age 55. I am now 75 and my hearing is slowly deteriorating. I live in Northern California and am a candidate for a cochlear implant in my left ear. Since this is a one time decision, I am eager to receive professional information regarding the implant surgeon, center and type of implant.
    I am considering Dr. Nikolas Blevins at Stanford University Implant Center. I have had hearing tests there and have been approved as a candidate.
    The House Hearing Institute is mentioned many times as a top choice in Southern California, but I have not seen a Northern California recommendation. What is your recommendation?
    Thank you for your help.
    Cathy C.

    • Dan Schwartz
      September 11, 2018 at 11:33 pm

      Cathy, I have none. Dr Larry Lustig at UCSF would have made the cut, but he moved to NYC.

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